Frontiers of Materials Science

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 74–82 | Cite as

A simple single-step approach towards synthesis of nanofluids containing cuboctahedral cuprous oxide particles using glucose reduction

  • U. Sandhya Shenoy
  • A. Nityananda Shetty
Research Article


Enhancement of thermal properties of conventional heat transfer fluids has become one of the important technical challenges. Since nanofluids offer a promising help in this regard, development of simpler and hassle free routes for their synthesis is of utmost importance. Synthesis of nanofluids using a hassle free route with greener chemicals has been reported. The single-step chemical approach reported here overcomes the drawbacks of the two-step procedures in the synthesis of nanofluids. The resulting Newtonian nanofluids prepared contained cuboctahedral particles of cuprous oxide and exhibited a thermal conductivity of 2.852 W·m-1·K-1. Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) used during the synthesis acted as a stabilizing agent rendering the nanofluid a stability of 9 weeks.


cuprous oxide nanofluids thermal conductivity viscosity 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Shin D, Banerjee D. Specific heat of nanofluids synthesized by dispersing alumina nanoparticles in alkali salt eutectic. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 2014, 74: 210–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Chakraborty S, Sarkar I, Haldar K, et al. Synthesis of Cu–Al layered double hydroxide nanofluid and characterization of its thermal properties. Applied Clay Science, 2015, 107: 98–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Chopkar M, Das P K, Manna I. Synthesis and characterization of nanofluid for advanced heat transfer applications. Scripta Materialia, 2006, 55(6): 549–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Li Y, Zhou J, Tung S, et al. A review on development of nanofluid preparation and characterization. Powder Technology, 2009, 196 (2): 89–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Li C C, Chang M H. Colloidal stability of CuO nanoparticles in alkanes via oleate modifications. Materials Letters, 2004, 58(30): 3903–3907CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Beck M P, Yuan Y, Warrier P, et al. The thermal conductivity of alumina nanofluids in water, ethylene glycol and ethylene glycolwater mixtures. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 2010, 12(4): 1469–1477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Eastman J A, Choi S U S, Li S, et al. Anomalously increased effective thermal conductivities of ethylene glycol based nanofluids containing copper nanoparticles. Applied Physics Letters, 2001, 78(6): 718–720CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Heo Y K, Bratescu M A, Aburaya D, et al. A phonon thermodynamics approach of gold nanofluids synthesized in solution Plasma. Applied Physics Letters, 2014, 104(11): 111902 (3 pages)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Phuoc T X, Soong Y, Chyu MK. Synthesis of Ag-deionized water nanofluids using multi-beam laser ablation in liquids. Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 2007, 45(12): 1099–1106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Lee G J, Kim C K, Lee M K, et al. Thermal conductivity enhancement of ZnO nanofluid using a one-step physical method. Thermochimica Acta, 2012, 542: 24–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Tavares J, Coulombe S. Dual plasma synthesis and characterization of a stable copper-ethylene glycol nanofluid. Powder Technology, 2011, 210(2): 132–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Zhao T, Sun R, Yu S, et al. Size controlled preparation of silver nanoparticles by a modified polyol method. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2010, 366(1–3): 197–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Zhu H T, Lin Y S, Yin Y S. A novel one-step chemical method for preparation of copper nanofluids. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2004, 277(1): 100–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Kumar A S, Meenakshi K S, Narashimhan B R V, et al. Synthesis and characterization of copper nanofluid by a novel one-step method. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 2009, 113(1): 57–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Shenoy U S, Shetty A N. Synthesis of copper nanofluids using ascorbic acid reduction method via one step solution phase approach. Journal of ASTM International, 2012, 9(5): 104416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Shenoy U S, Shetty A N. Simple glucose reduction route for one step synthesis of copper nanofluids. Applied Nanoscience, 2014, 4 (1): 47–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Shenoy U S, Shetty A N. Copper nanofluids: A facile synthetic approach. Journal of Nanoengineering and Nanomanufacturing, 2013, 3(1): 64–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Shenoy U S, Shetty A N. A facile ascorbic acid reduction method for solution phase single step synthesis of copper nanofluids. NanoTrends: A Journal of Nanotechnology and Its Applications, 2013, 14: 09734181Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Shenoy U S, Shetty A N. A simple solution phase synthesis of copper nanofluids using single step glucose reduction method. Synthesis and Reactivity in Inorganic, Metal-Organic and Nano- Metal Chemistry, 2013, 43(3): 343–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Shenoy U S, Shetty A N. A simple approach towards synthesis of nanofluids containing octahedral copper nanoparticles. Journal of Nanofluids, 2015, 4(4): 428–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Shenoy U S, Shetty A N. Direct synthesis of nanofluids containing novel hexagonal disc shaped copper nanoparticles. Journal of Nanofluids, 2017, 6(1): 11–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Shenoy U S, Shetty A N. A facile one step solution route to synthesize cuprous oxide nanofluid. Nanomaterials and Nanotechology, 2013, 3(5): 2013 (7 pages)Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Song H C, Cho Y S, Huh Y D. Morphology controlled synthesis of Cu2O microcrystal. Materials Letters, 2008, 62(10–11): 1734–1736CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Pal J, Ganguly M, Mondal C, et al. Crystal plane dependent etching of cuprous oxide nanoparticles of varied shapes and their application in visible light photocatalysis. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013, 117(46): 24640–24653Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    Zhang H, Liu F, Li B, et al. Microwave assisted synthesis of Cu2O microcrystals with systematic shape evolution from octahedral to cubic and their comparative photocatalytic activities. RSC Advances, 2014, 4(72): 38059–38063CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Wei X, Zhu H, Kong T, et al. Synthesis and thermal conductivity of Cu2O nanofluids. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 2009, 52(19–20): 4371–4374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Murshed S M S, Leong K C, Yang C. Investigations of thermal conductivity and viscosity of nanofluid. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 2008, 47(5): 560–568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Sreeremya T S, Krishnan A, Satapathy L N, et al. Facile synthetic strategy of oleophilic zirconia nanoparticles allows preparation of highly stable thermo-conductive coolant. RSC Advances, 2014, 4 (53): 28020–28028CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Yu W, Xie H, Chen L, et al. Investigation of thermal conductivity and viscosity of ethylene glycol based ZnO nanofluid. Thermochimica Acta, 2009, 491(1–2): 92–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Li D, Xie W, Fang W. Preparation and properties of copper-oilbased nanofluids. Nanoscale Research Letters, 2011, 6(1): 373 (7 pages)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryNational Institute of Technology KarnatakaSurathkal, MangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, College of Engineering and TechnologySrinivas UniversityMangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations