Microstructure and mechanical properties of tungsten composite reinforced by fibre network
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In this paper the tungsten-fibre-net-reinforced tungsten composites were produced by spark plasma sintering (SPS) using fine W powders and commercial tungsten fibres. The relative density of the samples is above 95%. It was found that the recrystallization area in the fibres became bigger with increasing sintering temperature and pressure. The tungsten grains of fibres kept stable when sintered at 1350°C/16 kN while grown up when sintered at 1800°C/16 kN. The composite sintered at 1350°C/16 kN have a Vickers-hardness of ~610 HV, about 2 times that of the 1800°C/16 kN sintered one. Tensile tests imply that the temperature at which the composites (1350°C/16 kN) begin to exhibit plastic deformation is about 200°C-250°C, which is 400°C lower than that of SPSed pure W. The tensile fracture surfaces show that the increasing fracture ductility comes from pull-out, interface debonding and fracture of fibres.
Keywordstungsten-fibre-net spark plasma sintering recrystallization tensile test
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This work was supported by the National Magnetic Confinement Fusion Program (Grant No. 2015GB112000), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51301164, 11274305 and 11475216), and the Anhui Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (1408085QE77).
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