Journal of Robotic Surgery

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 139–145 | Cite as

Robot-assisted laparoscopic Y-V plasty in 12 patients with refractory bladder neck contracture

  • Michael Musch
  • Jan Lukas Hohenhorst
  • Anne Vogel
  • Heinrich Loewen
  • Susanne Krege
  • Darko Kroepfl
Original Article


We present preliminary results of a case series on refractory bladder neck contracture (BNC) treated with robot-assisted laparoscopic Y-V plasty (RAYV). Between 01/2013 and 02/2016, 12 consecutive adult male patients underwent RAYV in our hospital. BNC developed after transurethral procedures (n = 9), simple prostatectomy (n = 2) and HIFU therapy of the prostate (n = 1). Each patient had had multiple unsuccessful previous endoscopic treatments. All RAYV procedures were performed using a transperitoneal six-port approach (four-arm robotic setting). There were no intraoperative or major postoperative complications. During a median follow-up of 23.2 months two cases of refractory BNC were observed. In both cases a postoperative International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) of 20 and 25 was reported, respectively. In contrast, amongst the patients without evidence of refractory BNC the median IPSS was 6.5 reflecting an only mildly impaired voiding function in most cases, thus, suggesting a treatment success in 83.3% of patients. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on RAYV for refractory BNC. In our series RAYV was feasible in all patients, and only two cases of refractory BNC were reported during a median follow-up of almost 2 years. At the same time, no intraoperative or major postoperative complications were observed. More clinical data with a longer follow-up are needed in this promising field to reveal the actual efficacy and relevance of RAYV.


Urinary bladder neck obstruction Reconstructive surgical procedure Robotic surgical procedures Feasibility study 



We would like to thank Ms. Hilary Coleman (medical translator) for revision of the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Michael Musch, Jan Lukas Hohenhorst, Anne Vogel, Heinrich Loewen, Susanne Krege and Darko Kroepfl declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Urology, Paediatric Urology and Urologic OncologyKliniken Essen-MitteEssenGermany

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