Effect of the introduction of an alcohol-soluble conjugated polyelectrolyte as cathode interlayer in solution-processed organic light-emitting diodes and photovoltaic devices
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Interfacial engineering provides an important tool for optimizing the performances of optoelectronic devices. We show that poly[(2,7-(9,9′-dioctyl)fluorene)-alt-(2,7-(9,9′-bis(5″-trimethylammonium bromide)pentyl)fluorene)])], an alcohol-soluble π-conjugated polymer based on polyfluorene backbone and ammonium groups on the alkyl side chains, is capable of modifying the interface between the organic layer and the metal cathode in both organic solar cells and light-emitting diodes based on commercial materials and conventional architectures, improving their performances. The introduction of the cathode interlayer enhances the efficiency of a red-emitting phosphorescent OLED by 15% and decreases its turn-on voltage. The same polymer improves the power conversion efficiency of a PTB7/PC71BM solar cell by 55% and shows a beneficial effect in terms of device stability.
KeywordsOLEDs OPV Cathode interlayer Polyelectrolytes Device optimization Solution processable devices
PRIN2015 project “LIFE” prot. n. 20155ACHBN_003, Regione Lombardia-CNR agreement project “I-ZEB”, and scientific cooperation agreement between CNR and RAS (project Giovanella/Khotina) are acknowledged.
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