Chemical Papers

, Volume 72, Issue 8, pp 1973–1979 | Cite as

Catalytic removal of soot particles over MnCo2O4 catalysts prepared by the auto-combustion method

  • Huanrong Liu
  • Mengqi Zhuang
  • Zhanquan Zhang
  • Xiaodong Dai
  • Ling Qian
  • Zifeng Yan
Original Paper


Soot removal for exhaust gas from diesel engine has been addressed due to the more stringent legislation and environmental concerns. MnCo2O4 catalysts were systematically prepared using glucose as a fuel via the auto-combustion method and applied for soot removal. The as-prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), O2-temperature-programmed oxidation (TPO) reaction and H2-temperature-programmed reduction reaction (H2-TPR). The catalytic activities for soot combustion were evaluated by micro activity test (MAT) with a tight contact mode between soot and catalysts. Compared with catalysts prepared by the solid state method without glucose, auto-combustion method in the presence of glucose can decrease the synthetic temperature, avoiding high temperature treatment and sintering. The catalysts prepared with glucose could catalyze soot oxidation effectively and the derived values of T10, T50, and T90 were 326, 408, and 468 °C in a tight contact mode, respectively, showing a significant drop of T10, T50, and T90 by 156, 177, and 178 °C for non-catalytic reaction.


Spinel type Soot Auto-combustion method MnCo2O4 Catalyst 


  1. An H, McGinn PJ (2006) Catalytic behavior of potassium containing compounds for diesel soot combustion. Appl Catal B 62:46–56. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cao C, Xing L, Yang Y et al (2017) Diesel soot elimination over potassium-promoted Co3O4 nanowires monolithic catalysts under gravitation contact mode. Appl Catal B 218:32–45. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Corro G, Fierro JLG, Romero FB (2006) Catalytic performance of Pt-Sn/γ-Al2O3 for diesel soot oxidation. Catal Commun 7:867–874. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dernaika B, Uner D (2003) A simplified approach to determine the activation energies of uncatalyzed and catalyzed combustion of soot. Appl Catal B 40:219–229. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fan Q, Zhang S et al (2016) Catalytic oxidation of diesel soot particulates over Ag/LaCoO3 perovskite oxides in air and NOx. Chin J Catal 37:428–435. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Harrison PG, Ball IK, Daniell W et al (2003) Cobalt catalysts for the oxidation of diesel soot particulate. Chem Eng J 95:47–55. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Liu H, Dai X, Yan Z (2017) Highly efficient catalysts of Mn1-xAgxCo2O4 spinel oxide for soot combustion. Catalysis Communication 101:134–137. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ianoş R, Băbuţă R (2017) Combustion synthesis of ZnAl2O4 powders with tuned surface area. Ceram Int 43:8975–8981. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jaya Rao G, Mazumder R, Bhattacharyya S et al (2017) Synthesis CO2 absorption property and densification of Li4SiO4 powder by glycine-nitrate solution combustion method and its comparison with solid state method. J Alloy Compd 725:461–471. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Klissurski DG, Uzunova EL (2003) Cation-deficient nano-dimensional particle size cobalt–manganese spinel mixed oxides. Appl Surf Sci 214:370–374. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. López-Suárez FE, Bueno-López A, Illán-Gómez MJ (2008) Cu/Al2O3 catalysts for soot oxidation: copper loading effect. Appl Catal B 84:651–658. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Neeft JPA, Makkee M, Moulijn JA (1996a) Catalysts for the oxidation of soot from diesel exhaust gases. I. An exploratory study. Appl Catal B 8:57–78. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Neeft JPA, Makkee M, Moulijn JA (1996b) Metal oxides as catalysts for the oxidation of soot. Chem Eng J Biochem Eng J 64:295–302. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Neeft JPA, van Pruissen OP, Makkee M et al (1997a) Catalysts for the oxidation of soot from diesel exhaust gases II. Contact between soot and catalyst under practical conditions. Appl Catal B 12:21–31. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Neeft JPA, Schipper W, Mul G et al (1997b) Feasibility study towards a Cu/K/Mo/(Cl) soot oxidation catalyst for application in diesel exhaust gases. Appl Catal B 11:365–382. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nissinen T, Kiros Y, Gasik M et al (2004) Comparison of preparation routes of spinel catalyst for alkaline fuel cells. Mater Res Bull 39:1195–1208. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Oi-Uchisawa J, Wang S, Nanba T et al (2003) Improvement of Pt catalyst for soot oxidation using mixed oxide as a support. Appl Catal B 44:207–215. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Rios E, Poillerat G, Koenig JF et al (1995) Preparation and characterization of thin Co3O4 and MnCo2O4 films prepared on glass/SnO2: F by spray pyrolysis at 150 & #xB0;C for the oxygen electrode. Thin Solid Films 264:18–24. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Salunkhe AB, Khot VM, Phadatare MR et al (2012) Combustion synthesis of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles-influence of fuel to oxidizer ratio. J Alloy Compd 514:91–96. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Salunkhe AB, Khot VM, Phadatare MR et al (2014) Low temperature combustion synthesis and magnetostructural properties of Co-Mn nanoferrites. J Magn Magn Mater 352:91–98. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Shangguan WF, Teraoka Y, Kagawa S (1996) Simultaneous catalytic removal of NOx and diesel soot particulates over ternary AB2O4 spinel-type oxides. Appl Catal B 8:217–227. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Teraoka Y, Nakano K, Shangguan WF (1995) Simultaneous removal of nitrogen oxides and diesel soot particulates catalyzed by perovskite-type oxides. Appl Catal B 5:L181–L185. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Teraoka Y, Nakano K, Shangguan W (1996) Simultaneous catalytic removal of nitrogen oxides and diesel soot particulate over perovskite-related oxides. Catal Today 27:107–113. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Varma A, Mukasyan AS, Rogachev AS (2016) Solution combustion synthesis of nanoscale material. Chem Rev 116(23):14493–14586. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Singh V, Singh N, Pathak N (2018) Annealing effects on the luminescence properties of Ce doped ZnAl2O4 produced by combustion synthesis. Optik 155:285–291. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Walker EH, Owens JW, Etienne M et al (2002) The novel low temperature synthesis of nanocrystalline MgAl2O4 spinel using “gel” precursors. Mater Res Bull 37:1041–1050. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wang K, Liu H, Yan Z (2010) Simultaneous removal of NOx and soot particulates over La0.7Ag0.3MnO3 perovskite oxide catalysts. Catal Today 158(3–4):423–426. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wei Y, Liu J, Zhao Z (2011) Highly active catalysts of gold nanoparticles supported on three-dimensionally ordered macroporous LaFeO3 for soot oxidation. Angew Chem 50:1–6. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Yoshida K, Makino S, Sumiya S (1989) Simultaneous reduction of NOx and particulate emissions from diesel engine exhaust. Technical papers, SAE technical paper. Scholar
  30. Yu X, Zhao Z (2015) Synthesis of K-doped three-dimensionally ordered macroporous Mn0.5Ce0.5Oδ catalysts and their catalytic performance for soot oxidation. Chin J Catal 11:1957–1967. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zhang Y, Zou X (2007) The catalytic activities and thermal stabilities of Li/Na/K carbonates for diesel soot oxidation. Catal Commun 8:760–764. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zhao Z, Yamada Y, Ueda A, Sakurai H et al (2004) The roles of redox and acid–base properties of silica-supported vanadia catalysts in the selective oxidation of ethane. Catal Today 93–95:163–171. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zou G, Chen M, Shangguan WF (2014) Promotion effects of LaCoO3 formation on the catalytic performance of Co–La oxides for soot combustion in air. Catal Commun 51:68–71. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huanrong Liu
    • 1
  • Mengqi Zhuang
    • 2
  • Zhanquan Zhang
    • 2
  • Xiaodong Dai
    • 1
  • Ling Qian
    • 3
  • Zifeng Yan
    • 3
  1. 1.Sheng Li College China University of PetroleumDongyingChina
  2. 2.Petrochina Petrochemical Research Institute CNPCBeijingChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil ProcessingChina University of PetroleumQingdaoChina

Personalised recommendations