Chemical Papers

, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp 81–89 | Cite as

Corrosion inhibition and surface analysis of amines on mild steel in chloride medium

  • Klodian Xhanari
  • Natalija Grah
  • Matjaž FinšgarEmail author
  • Regina Fuchs-Godec
  • Uroš Maver
Original Paper


In this study, the corrosion inhibition effectiveness of eight amines, i.e. 2-ethylhexyl amine, aniline, benzylamine, butylamine, ethylamine, isopropylamine, octylamine, and triethanolamine, on C15 grade mild steel in 3 wt% NaCl solution is reported. The corrosion inhibition performance of the amines was studied using immersion tests at 25 and 70 °C, with and without the addition of KI as a possible intensifier. Among the inhibitors tested at 0.1 wt% concentration, the lowest corrosion rates were obtained for specimens immersed in solutions containing 2-ethylhexyl amine at 25 °C and triethanolamine at 70 °C. The highest inhibition effectiveness at 25 °C among all amines tested was obtained for 1.0 wt% butylamine with the addition of 0.5 wt% KI, while at 70 °C the lowest corrosion rate was obtained for specimens inhibited with 1.0 wt% isopropylamine. Surface analysis was subsequently performed on specimens inhibited by the most effective inhibitors. Adsorption of the selected amines on the C15 grade mild steel surface was confirmed by ATR-FTIR. 3D-profilometry showed a reduction in the surface roughness (less corroded) for the specimens inhibited with these inhibitors compared to the non-inhibited specimens. Contact angle measurements showed that all of the tested specimens were hydrophilic.


Steel Corrosion Corrosion inhibitor Amines Surface analysis 



This work was supported by the Slovene Research Agency (Grant No. Z1-6737).

Supplementary material

11696_2016_46_MOESM1_ESM.docx (25 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 25 kb)


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Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klodian Xhanari
    • 1
    • 3
  • Natalija Grah
    • 1
  • Matjaž Finšgar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Regina Fuchs-Godec
    • 1
  • Uroš Maver
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringUniversity of MariborMariborSlovenia
  2. 2.Faculty of MedicineUniversity of MariborMariborSlovenia
  3. 3.Faculty of Natural SciencesUniversity of TiranaTiranaAlbania

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