Chemical Papers

, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp 13–20 | Cite as

Biodegradation of imidacloprid by composting process

  • Željko Herner
  • Dajana KučićEmail author
  • Bruno Zelić
Original Paper


This work presents the biodegradation of imidacloprid during composting process in a closed reactor. Composting mass was prepared from fresh vegetable waste, tobacco waste, dry leaves, imidacloprid 1.25 mg/kg (dry solids) and bacterial suspension of Pseudomonas aeruginosa FN. The composting process was carried out under forced aeration (0.516 dm3/min/kg) in a column reactor (10 dm3) under adiabatic conditions over 21 days. In a closed reactor system, the intense biodegradation of imidacloprid was during first 7 days when 68% of imidacloprid was degraded. The conversion and rate of biodegradation of imidacloprid in a closed reactor was much higher and faster than in an open pile. Imidacloprid degradation during composting process was described and simulated as first-order process. Degradation constant and half-life of imidacloprid were estimated in a closed reactor (k d  = 0.135 ± 0.016 mg/kg/day, t 1/2 = 5.13 days) and in an open pile (k d  = 0.025 ± 0.002 mg/kg/day, t 1/2 = 27.88 days).


Composting process Imidacloprid Pseudomonas aeruginosa FN Kinetics of biodegradation 


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Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ministry of AgricultureZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Faculty of Chemical Engineering and TechnologyUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia

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