Prognostic value of fasting glucose on the risk of heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction in non-diabetic patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction


Recent studies have shown that acute blood glucose elevation in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) suggests a poor prognosis. To investigate the effect of fasting blood glucose (FBG) on the risk of heart failure (HF) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) in non-diabetic patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute STEMI, we retrospectively recruited consecutive non-diabetic patients who underwent primary PCI for STEMI in our hospital from February 2003 to March 2015. The patients were divided into two groups according to the FBG level. A total of 623 patients were recruited with an age of 61.3 ± 12.9 years, of whom 514 (82.5%) were male. The HF risk (odds ratio 3.401, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.144–5.395, P < 0.001) was significantly increased in patients with elevated FBG than those with normal FBG. Elevated FBG was also independently related to LVSD (β 1.513, 95%CI 1.282–1.785, P < 0.001) in a multiple logistics regression analysis. In conclusion, elevated FBG was independently associated with 30-day HF and LVSD risk in non-diabetic patients undergoing primary PCI for STEMI.

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This work was supported by the CAMS Innovation Fund for Medical Sciences (CIFMS) (Nos. 2016-I2M-3-011 and 2016-I2M-1-002).

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Correspondence to Zhenyu Liu or Shuyang Zhang.

Ethics declarations

ui Wang, Yang Zhang, Zhujun Shen, Ligang Fang, Zhenyu Liu, and Shuyang Zhang declare that they have no conflict of interests. All procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (5). Informed consent was obtained from all patients that were included in the study.

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Wang, H., Zhang, Y., Shen, Z. et al. Prognostic value of fasting glucose on the risk of heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction in non-diabetic patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Front. Med. 15, 70–78 (2021).

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  • myocardial infarction
  • percutaneous coronary intervention
  • diabetes mellitus
  • fasting glucose
  • heart failure