Changes in foliar nitrogen resorption of Phyllostachys edulis with culm development

  • Changshun Zhang
  • Chunlan Liu
  • Wenyuan Zhang
  • Gaodi Xie
  • Shaohui Fan
  • Na Li
Original Paper
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

Leaf nitrogen resorption is very important to Phyllostachys edulis development because the withdrawn nitrogen can help newly emerging and growing culms. However, few studies have focused on the ontogenetic changes in leaf nitrogen resorption of P. edulis. Here, we examined the variability in mature leaf nitrogen concentrations (Nm), nitrogen resorption efficiency (NRE) and proficiency (NRP or Ns) and leaf-level nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) of the current-, 3rd- and 5th-year culms in P. edulis stands under extensive management. Analyses of variance and correlation indicated that patterns of Nm, NRP, NRE and NUE were markedly affected by culm age and leaf nitrogen status. Nm, Ns and NRE were significant higher in younger (current-year) culms with 1-year lifespan leaves, while NUE was markedly higher in older (3rd- or 5th-year) culms with 2-year lifespan leaves. Significant linear correlations between Nm and NRP, NRE and NUE, Nm and NUE, Ns and NRE were found for each culm age, and Nm was significantly positively correlated to NRE for all culms pooled. Higher proficiency in older culms led to higher NUE and lower NRE, these relationships can be modulated by Nm, which in turn, is restrained by leaf N availability and acquisition. Our results revealed that at the intraspecific level, P. edulis can adjust its leaf NRE, NRP, and leaf-level NUE in concert with culm development. Understanding nitrogen resorption characteristics and NUE of P. edulis can help decision-makers design appropriate deforestation strategies and achieve precise N fertilization for sustainable bamboo forest management.

Keywords

Phyllostachys edulis Nitrogen resorption efficiency Nitrogen resorption proficiency Nitrogen-use efficiency Extensive management Culm development Precision fertilization 

Abbreviations

NRE

Leaf nitrogen resorption efficiency

NRP

Leaf nitrogen resorption proficiency

NUE

Leaf-level nitrogen-use efficiency

Nm

Nitrogen concentrations in mature leaves

Ns

Nitrogen concentrations in senescent leaves

L1

One-year lifespan leaves

L2

Two-year lifespan leaves

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Linhai Li, Yitai Xie and Shun Liu for assistance with fieldwork, Hongzhi Zhang and Yue Hu for assistance with plant analyses and two anonymous reviewers for feedback on the research and manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Changshun Zhang
    • 1
  • Chunlan Liu
    • 2
  • Wenyuan Zhang
    • 3
  • Gaodi Xie
    • 1
  • Shaohui Fan
    • 4
  • Na Li
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Beijing Municipal Research Institute of Environmental ProtectionBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of Landscape and ArtJiangxi Agricultural UniversityNanchangPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.International Centre for Bamboo and RattanBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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