Premature failure of work-rolls in tandem mill: Some microstructural revelations
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The microstructural features of prematurely spalled tandem mill work-rolls were examined in an attempt to correlate microstructure with spalling behavior and roll performance. Spalled samples were collected from work-rolls that had shown variations in roll life under similar conditions of mill usage. Optical microscopy revealed that a fine dispersion of spheroidal carbides in a matrix of tempered martensite was conducive to superior performance in terms of roll life (i.e., tonnage rolled), and that coarse angular and irregular shape carbides were detrimental to roll life.
Image analysis of roll microstructures indicated that small carbide size, large carbide volume fraction, and high carbide count were characteristic of higher-life rolls, and that large carbide size, low carbide volume fraction, and less carbide density were typical of lower-life rolls. The carbides in both types of microstructure were M7C3 type.
Keywordsroll breakage spalling tandem mill wear resistance work-roll
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