Advertisement

Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 17, Issue 5, pp 838–847 | Cite as

Fatigue Failure of Hydrocarbon Piping System

  • Namurata Sathirachinda Palsson
  • Siam Kaewkumsai
  • Kosit Wongpinkaew
  • Witsanupong Khonraeng
Case History---Peer-Reviewed
  • 203 Downloads

Abstract

This paper presents a case study of hydrocarbon piping made of ASTM A376 TP321 stainless steel. The feedstock was of a two-phase flow hydrocarbon with small amount of sulfur. The pipe was found to be leaked at the weldment after 8 years of service. A combination of techniques including visual inspection, emission spectroscopy, radioscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and optical microscopy was applied to identify the possible cause of failure. The results showed that the cracks originated at the external wall of the pipe and were a consequence of synergy of fatigue loading during service due to improper piping support and stress concentrations as a result of the welding process. Deformation twinning and strain hardening may also contribute to the failure. According to failure and stress analysis done in this work, it is recommended that careful control of cyclic loading must be improved by, for example, implementation of a better spring constant for piping support system. In addition, a process for stress raiser-free welded structure should be of concern to achieve complete failure prevention in the future.

Keywords

Welding defect Piping failure Cyclic loading Fatigue cracking Stainless steel 

References

  1. 1.
    T.L. Teng, C.P. Fung, P.H. Chang, Effect of weld geometry and residual stresses on fatigue in butt-welded joints. Int. J. Pres. Ves. Pip. 79, 467–482 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Ravi, V. Balasubramanian, S.N. Nasser, Effect of mis-match ratio (MMR) on fatigue crack growth behavior of HSLA steel welds. Eng. Fail. Anal. 11, 413–428 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    D.J. Oh, J.M. Lee, M.H. Kim, Fatigue strength assessment of Invar alloy weld joints using the notch stress approach. Eng. Fail. Anal. 42, 87–99 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    K.R. Al-Asmi, A.C. Seibi, Vibration-induced fatigue failure of an impulse line. Eng. Fail. Anal. 5, 195–204 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    B. Panda, M. Sujata, M. Madan, K. Raghavendra, S.K. Bhaumik, Fatigue failure of weld joint of afterburner fuel manifold of a jet engine. Eng. Fail. Anal. 30, 138–146 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    F. Richards, Failure analysis of a natural gas pipeline rupture. J. Fail. Anal. Prev. 13, 653–657 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Z. Barsoum, Residual stress analysis and fatigue of multi-pass welded tubular structures. Eng. Fail. Anal. 15, 863–874 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    W.T. Becker, R.J. Shipley, Failure Analysis and Prevention. Volume 11: ASM Handbook (ASM International, 1992)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    N.W. Sachs, Understanding the surface features of fatigue fractures: How they describe the failure cause and the failure history. J. Fail. Anal. Prev. 5, 11–15 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Banuta, I. Tarquini, Fatigue failure of a drive shaft. J. Fail. Anal. Prev. 12, 139–144 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Ravi, V. Balasubramanian, S. Babu, S.N. Nasser, Influences of MMR, PWHT and notch location on fatigue life of HSLA steel welds. Eng. Fail. Anal. 11, 619–634 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. Radaj, C.M. Sonsino, D. Flade, Prediction of service fatigue strength of a welded tubular joint on the basis of the notch strain approach. Int. J. Fatigue 20, 471–480 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A.K. Jha, M.S. Kiranmayee, S.K. Manwatkar, Metallurgical investigation of cracked stainless steel plumbing tubes used in engine gimbal control system of satellite launch vehicle. Eng. Fail. Anal. 27, 225–231 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    C.R. Das, A.K. Bhaduri, S.K. Ray, Fatigue failure of a fillet welded nozzle joint. Eng. Fail. Anal. 10, 667–674 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    B. Krstic, B. Rasuo, D. Trifkovic, I. Radisavljevic, Z. Rajic, M. Dinulovic, An investigation of the repetitive failure in an aircraft engine cylinder head. Eng. Fail. Anal. 34, 335–349 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Aoki, K. Kawamoto, Y. Oda, H. Noguchi, K. Higashida, Fatigue characteristics of a type 304 austenitic stainless steel in hydrogen gas environment. Int. J. Fract. 133, 277–288 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    D.J. Wulpi, Understanding How Components Fail, 3rd edn. (ASM International, 1997)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Ramesh, H.J. Leber, K.G.F. Janssens, M. Diener, R. Spolenak, Thermomechanical and isothermal fatigue behavior of 347 and 316 L austenitic stainless tube and pipe steels. Int. J. Fatigue 33, 638–691 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Engineering calculation stress analysis report. Rayong (Thailand); 2014Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    E. Nagy, V. Mertinger, F. Tranta, J. Sólyom, Deformation induced martensitic transformation in stainless steels. Mater. Sci. Eng. A 378, 308–313 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    T. Morikawa, K. Higashida, Deformation microstructure and texture in a cold-rolled austenitic steel with low stacking-fault energy. Mater. Trans. 51, 620–624 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Chen, D. Terada, A. Shibata, N. Tsuji, Identical area observations of deformation-induced martensitic transformation in SUS304 austenitic stainless steel. Mater. Trans. 54, 308–313 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    B.L. Bramfitt, A.O. Benscoter, Metallographer’s Guide—Practice and Procedures for Irons and Steels (ASM International, 2002)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    M.F. McGuire, Stainless Steels for Design Engineers (ASM International, 2008)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    M.C. Young, J.Y. Huang, R.C. Kuo, Corrosion fatigue behavior of cold-worked 304L stainless steel in a simulated BWR coolant environment. Mater. Trans. 50, 657–663 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    P. Roberge, Handbook of Corrosion Engineering: McGraw-Hill Handbooks (McGraw-Hill Education, WV, 1999)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    R.B. Dooley, A. Bursik, Corrosion fatigue. Powerpl. Chem. 11, 586–591 (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Metal Research Unit, Failure Analysis and Corrosion Technology LaboratoryNational Metal and Materials Technology CenterKlong LuangThailand

Personalised recommendations