Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 545–553 | Cite as

Analysis of the Surface Defects in a Hot-Rolled Low-Carbon C–Mn Steel Plate

  • P. P. Sarkar
  • S. K. Dhua
  • S. K. Thakur
  • S. Rath
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


In the present study, a microstructural investigation was conducted on surface defects occurring in a 28 mm thick low-carbon C–Mn steel plate with ferrite–pearlite microstructure. The plate contained transverse “scraped-out”-like defect at the top surface edge and a continuous longitudinal “V-groove”-like defect throughout the length of the plate in the bottom surface. Detailed microstructural analyses showed formation of several small as well as long shallow unidirectional unbranched cracks with oxide entrapments in the defect region at the top surface associated with partial decarburization and internal oxidation confirming its genesis at the casting stage. On the other hand, extensively branched “stag deer horn” crack heavily filled with compact FeO oxide scale originated from the bottom surface defect with no microstructural abnormality confirmed that the groove existed before the hot rolling operation and the cracks formed during the rolling under differential loading.


Surface defect Low-carbon steel plate Hot rolling Oxide scale Crack 



The authors are thankful to the Management of R&D Centre for Iron and Steel (RDCIS), Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL), Ranchi, India, for their support and encouragement in pursuing this work. Heartfelt thanks are due to Mr. J. Guria for his assistance in optical and scanning electron microscopy job.


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. P. Sarkar
    • 1
  • S. K. Dhua
    • 1
  • S. K. Thakur
    • 1
  • S. Rath
    • 1
  1. 1.R&D Centre for Iron and SteelSteel Authority of India LimitedRanchiIndia

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