Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 683–693 | Cite as

Failure Simulation in the Reinforced V-Shape Plates Subjected to Localized Blast Loading

  • Bahram Hazrati
  • Mohammad Ali Saeimi Sadigh
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


This paper presents a numerical approach to predict failure in the reinforced V-shape plates subjected to blast loading. V-shape plates are commonly used in the vehicle’s hull to mitigate the blast pressure effects. In the current research, V-shape plates were reinforced using multiarch surfaces and honeycomb energy absorbers. Ductile and shear damage parameters were introduced to simulate failure in the finite elements models. Results of this study show that applying V-shape plates along with reinforcing elements significantly enhance the energy dissipating capacity of the V-shape hulls without overloading the vehicle. Also, based on the numerical calculations, upward reaction force was reduced by five times in the reinforced V-shape plate compared to the simple V-shape plate. Finally, it was shown that weight reduction by 2.5 times is achieved by the reinforcing V-shape plates in comparison to flat plates imposed to 50 g TNT explosive.


Explosion Reinforced V-shape plate Damage 


  1. 1.
    O.D.M. Monitor, M. Terrestres, Landmine Monitor Report 2007 (2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A.C. Jacinto, R.D. Ambrosini, R.F. Danesi, Experimental and computational analysis of plates under air blast loading. Int. J. Impact Eng. 25(10), 927–947 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. Jacob, S.C.K. Yuen, G. Nurick, D. Bonorchis, S. Desai, D. Tait, Scaling aspects of quadrangular plates subjected to localised blast loads—experiments and predictions. Int. J. Impact Eng. 30(8), 1179–1208 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Mendes, H. Opat, Tearing and shear failures in explosively loaded clamped beams. Exp. Mech. 13, 480–486 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Neuberger, S. Peles, D. Rittel, Scaling the response of circular plates subjected to large and close-range spherical explosions. Part I: air-blast loading. Int. J. Impact Eng. 34(5), 859–873 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. Jacob, G.N. Nurick, G.S. Langdon, The effect of stand-off distance on the failure of fully clamped circular mild steel plates subjected to blast loads. Eng. Struct. 29(10), 2723–2736 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. Nurick, G. Shave, The deformation and tearing of thin square plates subjected to impulsive loads—an experimental study. Int. J. Impact Eng. 18(1), 99–116 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. Rudrapatna, R. Vaziri, M. Olson, Deformation and failure of blast-loaded square plates. Int. J. Impact Eng. 22(4), 449–467 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. Teeling-Smith, G. Nurick, The deformation and tearing of thin circular plates subjected to impulsive loads. Int. J. Impact Eng. 11(1), 77–91 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S.C.K. Yuen, G. Langdon, G. Nurick, E. Pickering, V. Balden, Response of V-shape plates to localised blast load: experiments and numerical simulation. Int. J. Impact Eng. 46, 97–109 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. Bach, A Study of Mechanical Application in Demining (Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD), Geneva, 2004)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Ramasamy, A.-M. Hill, A. Hepper, A.M. Bull, J. Clasper, Blast mines: physics, injury mechanisms and vehicle protection. J. R. Army Med. Corps 155(4), 258–264 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Sun, N. Vlahopoulos, T.J. Stabryla, R. Goetz, R. Van De Velde, Blast event simulation for a structure subjected to a landmine explosion, SAE Technical Paper, 2006Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. Nurick, J. Lockley, Experimental investigation to evaluate the effect of the included angle of a folded “V” shape plate for blast resistance, 1st International Conference on Integrity, Reliabaliry and Failure. Porto Portugal, 1999Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    K.W. Genson, Vehicle shaping for mine blast damage reduction, MSc thesis, University of Maryland, 2006Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. Benedetti, Mitigation of explosive blast effects on vehicle floorboard, ProQuest, 2008Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    H. Hao, Preliminary study of the structure and support forms to mitigate blast and impact loading effect, in Incorporating Sustainable Practice in Mechanics and Structures of Materials, vol. 1, chap. 95 (Taylor & Francis Group, London, 2010). pp. 597–602Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    W. Chen, H. Hao, Numerical study of a new multi-arch double-layered blast-resistance door panel. Int. J. Impact Eng 43, 16–28 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    I. Stansfield, A Paper on Mine Protection of Military Vehicles (Salisbury, Mine Warfare Committee, 1982)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    E. Kania, Developmental tendency of landmine protection in vehicle, Modelling and optimization of physical systems. International Seminar of Applied Mechanics, 2009Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M.-A. Saeimi-Sadigh, A. Paykani, A. Afkar, D. Aminollah, Design and energy absorption enhancement of vehicle hull under high dynamic loads. J. Cent South Univ 21(4), 1307–1312 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    H. Hooputra, H. Gese, H. Dell, H. Werner, A comprehensive failure model for crashworthiness simulation of aluminium extrusions. Int. J. Crashworthiness 9(5), 449–464 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    W.L. Kolmogorov, Spannungen Deformationen Bruch, Metallurgija, 230–235 (1970)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringAzarbaijan Shahid Madani UniversityTabrizIran

Personalised recommendations