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Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 537–542 | Cite as

Case Study: Analysis of Corrosion Patterns to Evaluate the Preaccident Configuration of an ATV Tie Rod End Connection

  • Suzanne Uchneat
  • Michael Stevenson
  • Jeffrey McDougall
Case History---Peer-Reviewed
  • 131 Downloads

Abstract

A forensic investigation was performed on an ATV that was involved in an accident in which the vehicle struck a tree. Postaccident, the front knuckle/tie rod end connection was found to be loose. The prevailing torque nut was found positioned at the end of the tie rod end bolt such that there was a gap between the face of the nut and the knuckle. The subject nut exhibits machining asperities that resulted from close contact with the knuckle face. EDS analysis of the corrosion product ring on the knuckle face revealed the corrosion product was zinc oxide, which had formed due to galvanic corrosion between the galvanized nut and the carbon steel knuckle. Scuffing patterns on the nut, wear patterns on the bolt, and lack of damage to the knuckle corrosion ring confirmed that the nut could not have loosened from the as-manufactured position to the postaccident position. No viable nut loosening mechanism was identified other than deliberate, manual manipulation.

Keywords

Corrosion Energy dispersive spectroscopy Fasteners Forensic analysis Wear 

References

  1. 1.
    ASM 13B - Corrosion: Materials. 2005. p 407–408Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Roberge P. Corrosion engineering principles and practice. p 175Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    ISO 2320:2008—Prevailing torque type steel nuts—Mechanical and performance propertiesGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Waeltz (1981) A Guide to Selecting Self-locking Fasteners. Assembly Engineering. February 1981Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suzanne Uchneat
    • 1
  • Michael Stevenson
    • 1
  • Jeffrey McDougall
    • 1
  1. 1.Engineering Systems IncNorcrossUSA

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