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Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 622–628 | Cite as

Failure of Low-Pressure Turbine Blades in Military Turbofan Engines: Causes and Remedies

  • R. K. Mishra
  • K. Srinivasan
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed

Abstract

Failure of low-pressure (LP) turbine rotor blades in low bypass military turbofan engines is a great concern for designers, manufactures, repair and overhaul agencies, operators, and airworthiness authorities. The present paper analyzes the LP turbine blade failure cases to determine its root cause. Forensic and metallurgical investigations are carried out on the failed blades. In most cases, the failure was originated from the leading edge and had propagated toward the trailing edge. Intergranular features and high oxidation on the fractured surface have been found as the cause of fatigue failure. Operation at elevated temperatures for considerable time was found responsible for these fatigue failures. Malfunction of fuel system, failure in control sensors, and nonuniformity in atomizer characteristics were the root cause of high temperature in turbine leading to the failure of blades. The paper also presents various remedial measures to address the blade failures from manufacturing and operational points of view.

Keywords

Gas turbine Turbine blade SEM Fatigue failure Thermomechanical fatigue Surface oxidation 

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Copyright information

© ASM International 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Regional Centre for Military AirworthinessBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Engine DivisionHindustan Aeronautics LimitedBangaloreIndia

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