Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 736–745 | Cite as

Prevention of Hydrogen Assisted Damage in Sour Service

  • Mohammed A. Al-Anezi
  • Tariq A. Al-Ghamdi
  • Waleed L. Al-Otaibi
  • Saad M. Al-Muaili
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


Hydrogen assisted cracking (HAC) could lead to catastrophic failures in oil and gas industry piping and pressurized equipment with consequences ranging from heavy financial impact to fatality. Wet sour hydrocarbon services could lead to catastrophic consequences ranging from loss of lives to a heavy financial impact. This paper provides effective measures on raw plate/coil and pipes manufacturing and testing processes to eliminate susceptibility to avoid the occurrence of HAC failures including hydrogen-induced cracking (HIC), stress oriented HIC and sulfide stress cracking. These techniques include the following measures: (1) Quality control of plate/coil (raw product) manufacturing process and testing requirements, (2) quality control of pipe (finished product) manufacturing process and testing requirements, and (3) pipe selection criteria and field application quality control. Implementation of these requirements will result in enhanced oil and gas plants’ safety/reliability, reduced maintenance/inspection costs, and unnecessary usage of corrosion mitigation methods, such as cladding, coating or inhibition systems. Case histories are included in this paper to illustrate the root causes of HAC.


Sour service Hydrogen-assisted cracking (HAC) Hydrogen-induced cracking (HIC) Stress oriented HIC (SOHIC) Sulfide stress cracking (SSC) Pipe procurement 



The authors would like to acknowledge the Ministry of Petroleum and Minerals and Saudi Aramco management for permission to publish this technical paper.


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammed A. Al-Anezi
    • 1
  • Tariq A. Al-Ghamdi
    • 1
  • Waleed L. Al-Otaibi
    • 1
  • Saad M. Al-Muaili
    • 1
  1. 1.Saudi AramcoDhahranSaudi Arabia

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