Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp 530–538 | Cite as

Creep Failure and Prevention in Aluminum Wound Distribution Transformers

  • N. S. Beniwal
  • D. K. Dwivedi
  • H. O. Gupta
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


This paper presents an experimental study on electrical properties and creep behavior of thermo-mechanically processed 6060 aluminum alloy wire to assess its suitability as a winding conductor in place of electric conductor grade aluminum wire in distribution transformers. Electrical resistivity and the stress exponent and activation energy for creep were measured for both thermo-mechanically processed 6060 aluminum alloy and electric conductor grade aluminum wire. An algorithm is given for estimate the life and switching capability of the distribution transformers considering creep. The results of this study can be used as a guide to select the creep resistant winding material for designing and producing reliable distribution transformers and is valuable especially in power deficient areas, poorly designed and haphazardly expanded power distribution networks where repeatedly energized aluminum wound distribution transformers may fail due to creep in the high voltage winding conductors.


Electric conductor grade Aluminum Aluminum alloy 6060 Cold load pick up Creep Distribution transformer Inrush current 



The authors wish to thank Dr. P. S. Misra, Professor, metallurgical and materials engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India for the suggestions and comments throughout the course of this research work. The help of Ms. Deepika Sharma, a Ph. D. research scholar, metallurgical and materials engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India, is also fully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electrical Engineering DepartmentIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia
  2. 2.Mechanical and Industrial Engineering DepartmentIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia

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