Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 385–392 | Cite as

Challenges in Procurement of HIC Resistant Steel Pipes

  • Mohammed A. Al-Anezi
  • Sanyasi Rao
Case History---Peer-Reviewed


Welded pipes ordered for wet sour service are required to be manufactured from hydrogen-induced cracking (HIC) resistant steel plates. Pipe manufacturers procure steel plates with HIC testing, and other additional requirements with respect to chemistry, mechanical testing, and non-destructive testing (NDT) to meet client requirements. There have been several worldwide instances when the pipes ordered for wet sour service have failed HIC test at the pipe mill resulting in significant project delays. The causes of HIC test failures range from deliberate mistakes to improper testing practices. Also, subtle changes in steel making and rolling practices contributed to the HIC test failure following the pipe fabrication. Saudi Aramco has established several lines of defense to prevent recurrence of similar failures. Saudi Aramco reservation on mandatory HIC test requirement on seamless pipes as per the latest API 5L 44th edition, is discussed.


HIC Sour service H2Pipe procurement Seamless pipes HIC testing Kipps apparatus Control sample Iodometric titration pH 



The authors would like to express gratitude to Inspection Department, Saudi Aramco. The authors also acknowledge extensive involvement of Shuler Cox (retired), Consulting Services Department, Saudi Aramco. The efforts of entire CSD lab staff involved in this work are highly appreciated. The cooperation from the steel and pipe mills during the investigation of this work is also acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Saudi AramcoDhahranSaudi Arabia

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