Metallurgical Failure Analysis of Cracked Forward Cylinder Head of Advanced Linear Actuator for Aircraft
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Precipitation-hardened stainless steel of 15-5PH grade was used for the fabrication of forward cylinder used in advanced linear actuator of aircraft. The component had undergone a series of qualification tests. During one of the accelerated fatigue tests, an external leak was observed after experiencing more than 1,50,000 cycles of fluctuating stress. Subsequent to disassembly, the leak was found to be because of the hair line cracks in the forward cylinder. The cracked component was subjected to a detailed metallurgical investigation to understand the cause of failure. The failure analysis revealed that the fracture initiated at the hard chrome layer and propagated under cyclic loading. This premature failure of the component was attributed to the surface roughness and the presence of the hard chrome layer at the corner contour of the component. This article brings out the details of the investigation carried out and the results achieved.
Keywords15-5PH stainless steel Hard chrome layer Effect of surface roughness on fatigue Fatigue failure
The authors are indebted to Shri P. S. Veeraraghavan, the Director, VSSC for granting permission to publish this study.