Advertisement

Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 474–479 | Cite as

Failure Analysis of a Titanium Golf Club Head

  • Richard P. Baron
  • Raymond J. Claxton
Case History---Peer-Reviewed

Abstract

This article details the investigation of a failed head of a golf club driver that developed multiple cracks during normal use. The golf club head was manufactured from a titanium alloy, and the analysis revealed a progressive failure initiated on the interior surface of the club head face plate at a deep, concentric groove created from a forming during manufacturing. In addition, the welding operation used to assemble the head permitted contamination and, consequently, embrittlement, which could have also contributed to the failure of the golf club head.

Keywords

Failure analysis Fatigue cracking Titanium alloy Weld 

References

  1. 1.
    Shira, C.S., Froes, F.H.: Advanced materials in golf clubs: the titanium phenomenon. J. Met. 49(5), 35–37 (1997)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dahl, J.M., Novonty, P.M., Martin, J.W.: An evaluation of alloys for golf club face plates. Carpenter Technical Articles, January 1999Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Baeslack, W.A., Davis, J.R., Cross, C.E.: Selection and weldability of conventional titanium alloys. In: ASM Handbook Volume 6: Welding, Brazing, and Soldering, 10th edn., pp. 507–523. ASM International (1993)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Materials Analysis, Inc.DallasUSA

Personalised recommendations