Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 143–151 | Cite as

Simulation and Experimental Work on a Thin-Walled Structure Under Crushing

  • L. S. Lee
  • Aidy Ali
  • A. B. Sanuddin
  • Reza Afshar
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


This study investigates a thin-walled cylindrical structure subjected to impact loading. Both simulations and experiments were performed to predict the deformation mode and its deformation rate. In the simulation, a three-dimensional finite element model of a soft drink can was developed and post-processed using ANSYS and LS-DYNA commercial packages, respectively. The experimental work was carried out by dropping a flat weight from a certain height to crush the specimen, using a drink can to represent the thin-walled structure. A high-speed camera was employed to capture the entire process of the crush. The simulation and experiment showed strong agreement.


Thin-walled structure Crush FEM ANSYS LS-DYNA 



The authors would like to thank the Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia for their financial support.


  1. 1.
    Hambly, E.T., Calladine, C.R.: Buckling experiment on damaged cylindrical shells. Int. J. Solids Struct. 33, 3539–3548 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Adachi, T., Tomiyama, A., Araki, W., Yamaji, A.: Energy absorption of a thin-walled cylinder with ribs subjected to axial impact. Int. J. Impact Eng. 35, 65–79 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mamalis, A.G., Johnson, W.: The quasi-static crumpling of thin-walled circular cylinders and frusta under axial compression. Int. J. Mech. Sci. 25, 713–732 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Reddy, T.Y., Wall, R.J.: Axial compression of foam-filled thin-walled circular tubes. Int. J. Impact Eng. 7, 151–166 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gupta, N.K.: Some aspects of axial collapse of cylindrical thin-walled tubes. Thin-Walled Struct. 32, 111–126 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mirfendereski, L., Salimi, M., Ziaei-Rad, S.: Parametric study and numerical analysis of empty and foam-filled thin-walled tubes under static and dynamic loadings. Int. J. Mech. Sci. 50, 1042–1057 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhang, X.W., Yu, T.X.: Energy absorption of pressurized thin-walled circular tubes under axial crushing. Int. J. Mech. Sci. 51, 335–349 (2009)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kormi, K., Webb, D.C., Johnson, W.: The crash response of circular tubes under general applied loading. Int. J. Impact Eng. 13, 243–257 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ujihashi, S., Yamanaka, T., Kuroda, H., Inou, N.: Energy-absorption abilities of CFRP cylinders during impact crushing. Thin-Walled Struct. 28, 297–307 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Guillow, S.R., Lu, G., Grzebieta, R.H.: Quasi-static compression of thin-walled circular aluminium tubes. Int. J. Mech. Sci. 43, 2103–2123 (2001)zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Al Galib, D., Limam, A.: Experimental and numerical investigation of static and dynamic axial crushing of circular aluminum tubes. Thin-Walled Struct. 42, 1103–1137 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nahas, M.N.: Impact energy dissipation characteristics of thin-walled cylinders. Thin-Walled Struct. 15, 81–93 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chan, O.B., Elwi, A.E., Gilbert, G.Y.: Simulation of crack propagation in steel plate with strain softening model. Structural Engineering Report No. 266 (2006)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hertzberg, R.: Deformation and Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Materials, 4th edn. Wiley, New York (1996)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. S. Lee
    • 1
  • Aidy Ali
    • 1
  • A. B. Sanuddin
    • 1
  • Reza Afshar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing EngineeringUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

Personalised recommendations