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Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 35–38 | Cite as

Pipeline Failure by Transit Fatigue

  • Mohammed A. Al-Anezi
  • Sanyasi Rao
  • Graham R. Lobley
Case History---Peer-Reviewed

Abstract

A spiral welded pipeline failure that occurred during hydrotest was attributed to transit fatigue, caused during highway transportation. Transit fatigue during rail, road and marine transportation is a well-known failure mechanism. American Petroleum Institute (API) standards for prevention of transit fatigue during railroad and marine transportation are already established. Transit fatigue during highway transportation is rarely reported, and there is no industry standard addressing controls for line pipe transportation by highway.

Keywords

Fatigue failure Plain carbon steel Fractography Failure analysis Fatigue striations 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The laboratory and failure analysis work performed by Ali Y. Al-Kawaie is appreciated by the authors. Article published with permission from ©Saudi Aramco, 2008. All rights reserved. No portion of this article may be reproduced, by any process or technique, without the express written consent of Saudi Aramco.

References

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  2. 2.
    Francini, R.B., Kolovich, C.E., Jonell, M.E., Zelenak, P.A., Rosenfeld, M.J.: Evaluation of the need for loading specification for highway transport of line pipe, Catalog No. L52281, Pipeline Research Council International, Houston, TX, 18 Sept 2007.Google Scholar
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    “Recommended Practice for Transportation of Line Pipe on Barges and Marine Vessels,” API 5LW, American Petroleum Institute, 1996Google Scholar
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    “Recommended Practice for Railroad Transportation of Line Pipe,” API 5L1 American Petroleum Institute, 2002.Google Scholar
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    “Rupture of Enbridge Pipeline and Release of Crude Oil near Cohasset, Minnesota,” July 4, 2002, Pipeline accident report published by National Transportation Safety Board, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammed A. Al-Anezi
    • 1
  • Sanyasi Rao
    • 2
  • Graham R. Lobley
    • 3
  1. 1.Saudi AramcoDhahranSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Saudi AramcoDhahranSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Saudi AramcoDhahranSaudi Arabia

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