Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 8, Issue 6, pp 505–508 | Cite as

Dealloying of a Nickel–Aluminum Bronze Impeller

  • Albert M. Olszewski
Case History---Peer-Reviewed


A brackish water pump impeller was replaced after 4 years of service, while its predecessor lasted over 40 years. The subsequent failure investigation determined that the nickel–aluminum bronze (NAB) impeller was not properly heat treated, which made the impeller susceptible to aluminum dealloying. The dealloying corrosion was exacerbated by erosion, because the pump was slightly oversized. This investigation recommended proper heat treatment of NAB alloys that are to be used in salt water or brackish service. Additionally, the investigation recommended closer evaluation of new pumps to ensure that they are properly sized.


Dealloying Nickel–aluminum bronze Impeller Corrosion Seawater 


  1. 1.
    Michels, H.T., Kain, R.M.: Effect of composition and microstructure on the seawater corrosion resistance of nickel–aluminum bronze. Paper No.03262, NACE Corrosion/2003, NACE International, Houston, TexasGoogle Scholar
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    R.J. Ferrara, T.E. Caton, Review of dealloying of cast aluminum bronze and nickel–aluminum bronze alloys in sea water service. Mater. Perform. 21(2), 30–34 (1982)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    ASTM B148–97: Standard Specification for Aluminum-Bronze Castings. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA (Reapproved 2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Constellation Energy GroupBaltimoreUSA

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