Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 212–217 | Cite as

Failure of the J79 Engine Compressor Blade Due to Stall

  • Kyo-Soo Song
  • Seon-Gab Kim
  • Young-Ha Hwang
Peer Reviewed


The fractured and damaged compressor rotor blades of a J79 engine have been examined. Optical, stereoscopic, microhardness testing, and SEM examinations were carried out to find out the causes of the fracture. The material of the blades was STS403 and blades were used without coating. From the 15th through the 17th compressor stages the rotor blades, stator vanes, combustion, and turbine sections were damaged. The fractured surface of the 17th blade show multiple origins, secondary cracking in the blade’s convex surface, and extensive propagation before separation and rougher surfaces. The metallographic analysis of the microstructure suggested work hardening. Based on the results, the cause of the fractured blade was high-amplitude fatigue, due to severe stall. After normal engine usage of 5 months, the blade fractured and blade fragments hit the other compressor blades, stators, and casing, and caused damage in both combustion and turbine sections.


Multiple origin Convex Stall High amplitude fatigue 



The authors are grateful to Dennis S. Eliasen, Darrel Olson and W. Doug Pridemore, GE-Aviation military system, for discussion and responses. Sincere appreciation is due to Kyoung-Suk Sohn for the scanning electron microscopy.


  1. 1.
    Cohen, H., Rogers, G.F.C., Saravanamutto, H.I.H.: Gas Turbine Theory, 2nd edn., pp. 111–119. Longman, London (1981).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Huenecke, K.: Fundamentals of theory, design and operation. In: Jet Engines, 4th edn., pp.110–114. Motorbooks International, Osceola (2000).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Scherer, R.: Blade design aspect. Renew. Ener. 16, 1272–1277 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Schmidtmann, O., Anders, J.M.: Route to surge for a throttled compressor – a numerical study. J. Fluid Struct. 15, 1105–1121 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Maggiore, M., Ordóñez, R., Passino, K.M., Adibhatla, S.: Estimator design in jet engine applications. Eng. Appl. Artif. Intell. 16, 579–593 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kubiak Sz., J., Gonzales, G.R., Juarea, D.R., Nebradt, G., Sierra, F.E.: An investigation on the failure of an L-0 steam turbine blade. J. Fail. Anal. Prev. 4(3), 47–51 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Olson, D.: Captain Song’ (ROKAF) J79 Engine stall questions and GE responses. GE.letter2006-DBO-001 (2006).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Doug Pridemore, W.: Basic metallurgy and failure analysis of gas turbine engine components. GEAE ROKAF Training Book, pp. 117–124 (2006).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engine DivisionATRI (Aero-Technology Research Institute), ROKAFDaeguRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations