In this paper, a titanium alloy and low carbon steel were bonded via hot rolling in a vacuum, and the effect of roll bonding temperature and reduction ratio on the microstructural and mechanical properties of the plate was studied. When the bonding temperature was between 850 and 1050 °C, the shear strength of the interface increased with an increasing reduction ratio from 18 to 70%. At a bonding temperature of 950 °C and at a rolling reduction ratio of 70%, the best bonding strength was obtained, and a shear fracture occurred on the low carbon steel matrix. At 1050 °C, brittle compounds, i.e., TiC, FeTi, and Fe2Ti, formed at the interface, which decreased the bonding strength. The large reduction ratio can break up compounds at the interface and extrude fresh metal for bonding, thereby increasing the bonding strength.
hot roll bonding properties reduction ratio steel temperature titanium
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The authors would like to thank the support from the Natural Science Foundation of HeBei Province (E2015203311) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51474190).
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