Characterization of Microstructure and Wear Resistance of PEO Coatings Containing Various Microparticles on Ti6Al4V Alloy
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Titania-based composite coatings were prepared by plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) treatment of Ti6Al4V alloy in electrolyte with α-Al2O3, Cr2O3 or h-BN microparticles in suspension. The microstructure, composition of PEO composite coatings were analyzed by SEM, EDS and XRD. The wear resistance of composite ceramic coatings was studied by ball-on-disk wear test at ambient temperature and 300 °C. The results showed that the addition of microparticles accelerated the growth rate of PEO coating and changed the microstructure and composition of PEO coating. PEO coating was porous and mainly composed of rutile-TiO2, anatase-TiO2 and Al2TiO5. PEO/α-Al2O3 (Cr2O3 or h-BN) composite coating only had small micropores and appeared some α-Al2O3 (Cr2O3 or h-BN) phase. Besides, the addition of α-Al2O3 (Cr2O3 or h-BN) microparticles greatly improved the wear resistance of PEO coating. At ambient temperature, abrasive wear dominated the wear behavior of PEO coating, but abrasive wear and adhesive peel simultaneously happened at 300 °C. Whether at ambient temperature or 300 °C, PEO composite coating had better wear resistance than PEO coating. Besides, PEO/h-BN composite coating outperformed other composite coatings regardless of the temperature.
Keywordscomposite ceramic coating microparticles plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) titanium alloy wear resistance
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51361025) and Natural Science Foundation of Jiangxi Province (Grant No. 20171BAB216006).
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