Advertisement

Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 1945–1956 | Cite as

Improvement of Tribological Performance of AISI H13 Steel by Means of a Self-Lubricated Oxide-Containing Tribo-layer

  • Xianghong Cui
  • Yunxue Jin
  • Wei Chen
  • Qiuyang Zhang
  • Shuqi Wang
Article
  • 60 Downloads

Abstract

A self-lubricated oxide-containing tribo-layer was induced to form by continuously adding particles of MoS2, Fe2O3 or their mixtures onto sliding interfaces of AISI H13 and 52100 steels. The artificial tribo-layer was always noticed to form continuously and cover the worn surface (termed as cover-type), whereas the original tribo-layer spontaneously formed with no additive was usually discontinuous and inserted into the substrate (termed as insert-type). Clearly, the cover-type and insert-type tribo-layers exactly corresponded to low and high wear rates, respectively. For the mixed additives of Fe2O3 + MoS2, the protective tribo-layers presented a load-carrying capability and lubricative function, which are attributed to the existence of Fe2O3 and MoS2. Hence, the wear rates and friction coefficients of H13 steel were markedly reduced.

Keywords

antiwear sliding wear steel wear testing 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial support of our work by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51071078 and 51701079), Prospective Joint Research Project of Jiangsu Province (No. BY2016072-04), and the Research and Innovation Project for College Graduates of Jiangsu Province (No. KYCX-1770) are gratefully acknowledged.

References

  1. 1.
    T.F.J. Quinn, Oxidational Wear, Wear, 1971, 18, p 413–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S.C. Lim and M.F. Ashby, Wear Mechanism Maps, Acta Mater., 1987, 35, p 1–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. Straffelini, D. Trabucco, and A. Molinari, Oxidative Wear of Heat-Treated Steels, Wear, 2001, 250, p 485–491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Straffelini, D. Trabucco, and A. Molinari, Sliding Wear of Austenitic and Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steels, Metall. Mater. Trans., 2002, 33A, p 613–624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Varenberg, G. Halperin, and I. Etsion, Different Aspects of the Role of Wear Debris in Fretting Wear, Wear, 2002, 252, p 902–910CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M.X. Wei, S.Q. Wang, K.M. Chen, and X.H. Cui, Relations Between Oxidative Wear and Cr Content of Steels, Wear, 2011, 272, p 110–121Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Q.Y. Zhang, K.M. Chen, L. Wang, X.H. Cui, and S.Q. Wang, Characteristics of Oxidative Wear and Oxidative mild Wear, Tribol. Int., 2013, 61, p 214–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S.Q. Wang, M.X. Wei, F. Wang, X.H. Cui, and K.M. Chen, Effect of Morphology of Oxide Scale on Oxidation Wear in Hot Working Die Steels, Mater. Sci. Eng., 2009, 505A, p 20–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.X. Wei, F. Wang, S.Q. Wang, and X.H. Cui, Comparative Research on the Elevated-Temperature Wear Resistance of a Cast Hot-Working Die Steel, Mater. Des., 2009, 30, p 3608–3614CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    X.H. Cui, S.Q. Wang, F. Wang, and K.M. Chen, Research on Oxidation Wear Mechanism of the Cast Steels, Wear, 2008, 265, p 468–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M.X. Wei, S.Q. Wang, K.M. Chen, and X.H. Cui, Relations Between Oxidative Wear and Cr Content of Steels, Wear, 2011, 272, p 110–121Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    T.F.J. Quinn, J.L. Sullivan, and D.M. Rowson, Origins and Development of Oxidational Wear at Low Ambient Temperatures, Wear, 1984, 94, p 175–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    T.F.J. Quinn, J.L. Sullivan, and D.M. Rowson, Developments in the Oxidational Theory of Mild Wear, Tribol. Int., 1980, 13, p 153–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.E. Wilson, F.H. Stott, and G.C. Wood, The Development of Wear Protective Oxides and Their Influence on Sliding Friction, Proc. R. Soc. A, 1980, 369, p 557–574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    E. Rabinowicz, Lubrication of Metal Surfaces by Oxide Films, ASLE Trans., 1967, 10, p 400–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Kato, Severe-Mild Wear Transition by Supply of Oxide Particles on Sliding Surface, Wear, 2003, 255, p 426–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A.L. Black and R.W. Dunster, Comparative Study of Surface Deposits and Behaviour of MoS2 Particles and Molybdenum Dialkyl-dithio-phosphate, Wear, 1969, 13, p 119–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Gansheimer and R. Holinski, A Study of Solid Lubricants in Oils and Greases Under Boundary Conditions, Wear, 1972, 19, p 439–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Q.Y. Zhang, Y. Zhou, L. Wang, X.H. Cui, and S.Q. Wang, Accelerated Formation of Tribo-oxide Layer and Its Function During Sliding of a Titanium Alloy, Tribol. Lett., 2016, 63, p 1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Q.Y. Zhang, S.Q. Wang, Y. Zhou, K.M. Chen, L. Wang, and X.H. Cui, Artificial Oxide-Containing Tribo-layers and Their Effect on Wear Performance of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy, Tribol. Int., 2017, 105, p 334–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    K.C. Ludema, Third Bodies in Wear Models, Wear Particles: From the Cradle to the Grave, D. Dowson, C.M. Taylor, T.H.C. Childs, M. Godet, and G. Dalmaz, Ed., Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1992, p 155–160Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    D.A. Rigney, Transfer, Mixing and Associated Chemical and Mechanical Processes During the Sliding of Ductile Materials, Wear, 2000, 245, p 1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J. Jiang, F.H. Stott, and M.M. Stack, The Role of Triboparticulates in Dry Sliding Wear, Tribol. Int., 1998, 31, p 245–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    E.R. Leheup and R.E. Pendlebury, Unlubricated Reciprocating Wear of Stainless Steel with an Interfacial Air Flow, Wear, 1991, 142, p 351–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    K. Hiratsuka and K. Muramoto, Role of Wear Particles in Severe-Mild Wear Transition, Wear, 2005, 259, p 467–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    F.H. Stott, High-Temperature Sliding Wear of Metals, Tribol. Int., 2002, 35, p 489–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    R.M. German, Powder Metallurgy Science, Princeton, MPIF, 1984, p 146Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    H. Kato and K. Komai, Tribofilm Formation and Mild Wear by Tribo-sintering of Nanometer-Sized Oxide Particles On Rubbing Steel Surfaces, Wear, 2007, 262, p 36–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    A.M. Brown and M.F. Ashby, Correlations for Diffusion Constants, Acta Metall., 1980, 28, p 1085–1101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    W. Ames and A.T. Alpas, Wear Mechanisms in Hybrid Composites of Graphite-20 SiC in A356 Aluminum Alloy (Al-7 Pct Si-0.3 Pct Mg), Metall. Mater. Trans., 1995, 26A, p 85–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    K.H. Hu, M. Liu, Q.J. Wang, Y.F. Xu, S. Schraube, and X.G. Hu, Tribological Properties of Molybdenum Disulfide Nanosheets by Monolayer Restacking Process as Additive in Liquid Paraffin, Tribol. Int., 2009, 42, p 33–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    J. Kogovse, M. Remskar, A. Mrzel, and M. Kalin, Influence of Surface Roughness and Running-in on the Lubrication of Steel Surfaces with Oil Containing MoS2 Nanotubes In All Lubrication Regimes, Tribol. Int., 2013, 61, p 40–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    J. Xu, W. Liu, and M. Zhong, Microstructure and Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of MoS2/TiC/Ni Composite Coatings Prepared by Laser Cladding, Surf. Coat Technol., 2006, 200, p 4227–4232CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xianghong Cui
    • 1
  • Yunxue Jin
    • 2
  • Wei Chen
    • 1
  • Qiuyang Zhang
    • 3
  • Shuqi Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.Materials Science and EngineeringJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangChina
  2. 2.Jiangsu University of Science and TechnologyZhenjiangChina
  3. 3.Materials ScienceJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangChina

Personalised recommendations