Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 1614–1625 | Cite as

Influence of Multiple Bionic Unit Coupling on Sliding Wear of Laser-Processed Gray Cast Iron

  • Haifeng Zhang
  • Peng Zhang
  • Qi Sui
  • Kai Zhao
  • Hong Zhou
  • Luquan Ren
Article

Abstract

In this study, in effort to improve the sliding wear resistance of gray cast iron under wet lubrication conditions, specimens with different bionic units were manufactured and modified according to bionic theory. Inspired by the structure and appearance of biological wear-resistant skin, two kinds of bionic units were processed by laser on the specimen surfaces. We investigated the wear resistance properties of the samples via indentation method and then observed the wear surface morphology of specimens and the stress distributions. The results indicated that coupling the bionic units enhanced the wear resistance of the cast iron considerably compared to the other samples. We also determined the mechanism of wear resistance improvement according to the results.

Keywords

bionic pit unit bionic strip unit gray cast iron laser wear resistance 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This article was supported by Project 985—High Performance Materials of Jilin University and the Project 985—Bionic Engineering Science and Technology Innovation and National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51275200).

References

  1. 1.
    M. Ramadan, M. Takita, and H. Nomura, Effect of Semi-solid Processing on Solidification Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Gray Cast Iron, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2006, 417(1–2), p 166–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. Yamazaki, T. Shibuya, C.J. Jin, T. Kikuta, and N. Nakatani, Lining of Hydraulic Cylinder Made of Cast Iron with Copper Alloy, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2006, 172(1), p 30–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. Bertolino and J.E. Perez-Ipiña, Geometrical Effects on Lamellar Grey Cast Iron Fracture Toughness, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2006, 179(1–3), p 202–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. Willidal, W. Bauer, and P. Schumacher, Stress/Strain Behaviour and Fatigue Limit of Grey Cast Iron, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2005, 413–414, p 578–582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Grum and R. Šturm, Laser Surface Melt-Hardening of Gray and Nodular Irons, Appl. Surf. Sci., 1997, 109–110, p 128–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    K.Y. Benyounis, O.M. Fakron, and J.H. Abboud, Rapid Solidification of M2 High-Speed Steel by Laser Melting, Mater. Des., 2009, 30(3), p 674–678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Lian and L. Chenglao, Effect of Laser Melting Processing on the Microstructure and Wear Resistance of Gray Cast Iron, Wear, 1991, 147(1), p 195–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D.I. Pantelis, G. Pantazopoulos, and S.S. Antoniou, Wear behAvior of Anti-galling Surface Textured Gray Cast Iron Using Pulsed-CO2 Laser Treatment, Wear, 1997, 205(1–2), p 178–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    F. Fernandes, A. Cavaleiro, and A. Loureiro, Oxidation Behavior of Ni-Based Coatings Deposited by PTA on Gray Cast Iron, Surf. Coat. Technol., 2012, 207, p 196–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Y.C. Lin, S.W. Wang, and K.E. Wu, The Wear Behaviour of Machine Tool Guideways Clad with W-Ni, W-Co and W-Cu Using Gas Tungsten Arc Welding, Surf. Coat. Technol., 2003, 172(2–3), p 158–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Tong, B. Rong, J. Yan, Y. Ma, and B. Jia, Measuring Method for Abrasive Volume of Biomimetic Embossed Surfaces Using Reverse Engineering, Wear, 2008, 265(7–8), p 1114–1120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    W.D. Bechert, M. Bruse, and W. Hage, Experiments with Three-Dimensional Riblets as an Idealized Model of Shark Skin, Exp. Fluids, 2000, 28(5), p 403–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    N. Sun, H. Shan, H. Zhou, D. Chen, X. Li, W. Xia, and L. Ren, Friction and Wear Behaviors of Compacted Graphite Iron with Different Biomimetic Units Fabricated by Laser Cladding, Appl. Surf. Sci., 2012, 258(19), p 7699–7706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Zhou, P. Zhang, N. Sun, C.-T. Wang, P.-Y. Lin, and L.-Q. Ren, Wear Properties of Compact Graphite Cast Iron with Bionic Units Processed by Deep Laser Cladding WC, Appl. Surf. Sci., 2010, 256(21), p 6413–6419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Z.-K. Chen, T. Zhou, H.-F. Zhang, W.-S. Yang, and H. Zhou, Influence of Orientations of Bionic Unit Fabricated by Laser Remelting on Fatigue Wear Resistance of Gray Cast Iron, J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 2015, 24(6), p 2511–2520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Z.H. Zhang, H. Zhou, L.Q. Ren, X. Tong, H.Y. Shan, and Y. Cao, Tensile Property of H13 Die Steel with Convex-Shaped Biomimetic Surface, Appl. Surf. Sci., 2007, 253(22), p 8939–8944CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    C. Wang, H. Zhou, Z. Zhang, Y. Zhao, D. Cong, C. Meng, P. Zhang, and L. Ren, Mechanical Property of a Low Carbon Steel with Biomimetic Units in Different Shapes, Opt. Laser Technol., 2013, 47, p 114–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    H. Zhou, X. Tong, Z. Zhang, X. Li, and L. Ren, The Thermal Fatigue Resistance of Cast Iron with Biomimetic Non-smooth Surface Processed by Laser with Different Parameters, Mater. Sci. Engi. A, 2006, 428(1–2), p 141–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    C. Meng, H. Zhou, Y. Zhou, M. Gao, X. Tong, D. Cong, C. Wang, F. Chang, and L. Ren, Influence of Different Temperatures on the Thermal Fatigue Behavior and Thermal Stability of Hot-Work Tool Steel Processed by a Biomimetic Couple Laser Technique, Opt. Laser Technol., 2014, 57, p 57–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    H. Zhou, Z.H. Zhang, L.Q. Ren, Q.F. Song, and L. Chen, Thermal Fatigue Behavior of Medium Carbon Steel with Striated Non-smooth Surface, Surf. Coat. Technol., 2006, 200(24), p 6758–6764CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    L. Tian, X. Tian, Y. Wang, G. Hu, and L. Ren, Anti-wear Properties of the Molluscan Shell Scapharca subcrenata: Influence of Surface Morphology, Structure and Organic Material on the Elementary Wear Process, Mater. Sci. Eng. C, 2014, 42, p 7–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. Kamat, X. Su, R. Ballarini, and A.H. Heuer, Structural Basis for the Fracture Toughness of the Shell of the Conch Strombus gigas, Nature, 2000, 405(6790), p 1036–1040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    N. Sun, H. Shan, H. Zhou, D. Chen, X. Li, W. Xia, and L. Ren, Friction and Wear Behaviors of Compacted Graphite Iron with Different Biomimetic Units Fabricated by Laser Cladding, Appl. Surf. Sci., 2012, 258(19), p 7699–7706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    H. Zhou, N. Sun, H. Shan, D. Ma, X. Tong, and L. Ren, Bio-inspired Wearable Characteristic Surface: Wear Behavior of Cast Iron with Biomimetic Units Processed by Laser, Appl. Surf. Sci., 2007, 253, p 9513–9520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Z. Pang, H. Zhou, G. Xie, D. Cong, C. Meng, and L. Ren, Effect of Bionic Coupling Units’ Forms on Wear Resistance of Gray Cast Iron Under Dry Linear Reciprocating Sliding Condition, Opt. Laser Technol., 2015, 70, p 89–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    M. Nakano, A. Korenaga, A. Korenaga, K. Miyake, T. Murakami, Y. Ando, H. Usami, and S. Sasaki, Applying Micro-texture to Cast Iron Surfaces to Reduce the Friction Coefficient Under Lubricated Conditions, Tribol. Lett., 2007, 28, p 131–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    H. Zhou, L. Chen, W. Wang, L.Q. Ren, H.Y. Shan, and Z.H. Zhang, Abrasive Particle Wear Behavior of 3Cr2W8V Steel Processed to Bionic Non-smooth Surface by Laser, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2005, 412, p 323–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    X. Wang, W. Liu, F. Zhou, and D. Zhu, Preliminary Investigation of the Effect of Dimple Size on Friction in Line Contacts, Tribol. Int., 2009, 42, p 1118–1123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    N. Sun, Influences of various biomimetic coupling units on the friction and wear behaviors of compacted graphite cast iron, Jilin university, Changchun, 2010, p 105–106Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    A. Kovalchenko, O. Ajayi, A. Erdemir, G. Fenske, and I. Etsion, The Effect of Laser Texturing of Steel Surfaces and Speed-Load Parameters on the Transition of Lubrication Regime from Boundary to Hydrodynamic, Tribol. Trans., 2004, 47(2), p 299–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haifeng Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Peng Zhang
    • 1
  • Qi Sui
    • 1
  • Kai Zhao
    • 3
  • Hong Zhou
    • 1
  • Luquan Ren
    • 4
  1. 1.The Key Lab of Automobile Materials, The Ministry of EducationJilin UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.The College of Mechanical and Automotive EngineeringChangchun UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.The Department of Aviation TheoryAviation University of Air ForceChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.The Key Lab of Terrain Machinery Bionics Engineering, The Ministry of EducationJilin UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations