Improving the Thermal Shock Resistance of Thermal Barrier Coatings Through Formation of an In Situ YSZ/Al2O3 Composite via Laser Cladding
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In the present study, laser cladding of alumina on the top surface of YSZ thermal barrier coatings (TBC) was conducted via Nd:YAG pulsed laser. The thermal shock behavior of the TBC before and after laser cladding was modified by heating at 1000 °C for 15 min and quenching in cold water. Phase analysis, microstructural evaluation and elemental analysis were performed using x-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy-dispersive spectroscopy. The results of thermal shock tests indicated that the failure in the conventional YSZ (not laser clad) and the laser clad coatings happened after 200 and 270 cycles, respectively. The SEM images of the samples showed that delamination and spallation occurred in both coatings as the main mechanism of failure. Formation of TGO was also observed in the fractured cross section of the samples, which is also a main reason for degradation. Thermal shock resistance in the laser clad coatings improved about 35% after cladding. The improvement is due to the presence of continuous network cracks perpendicular to the surface in the clad layer and also the thermal stability and high melting point of alumina in Al2O3/ZrO2 composite.
Keywordsair plasma spray laser clad thermal barrier coating thermal shock test YSZ
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