Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 1830–1838 | Cite as

Influence of Plastic Deformation on Martensitic Transformation During Hot Stamping of Complex Structure Auto Parts

  • Yuhan Shen
  • Yanli Song
  • Lin Hua
  • Jue Lu


The ultra-high strength steel auto parts manufactured by hot stamping are widely applied for weight reduction and safety improvement. During the hot stamping process, hot forming and quenching are performed in one step wherein plastic deformation and phase transformation simultaneously take place and affect each other. Thereinto, the influence of deformation on martensitic transformation is of great importance. In the present paper, the influence of plastic deformation on martensitic transformation during hot stamping of complex structure auto parts was investigated. For this purpose, a B-pillar reinforced panel in B1500HS steel was manufactured by hot stamping, and the process was simulated by finite element software based on a thermo-mechanical-metallurgical coupled model. Considering various deformation degrees, the microstructures and mechanical properties at four typical locations of the hot stamped B-pillar reinforced panel were detected. The results show that the martensitic content and the microhardness increase with the increase in the deformation amount. There are two reasons causing this phenomenon: (1) the increase in mechanical driving force and (2) the increased probability of the martensitic nucleation at crystal defects. The x-ray diffraction analysis indicates the carbon enrichment in retained austenite which results from the carbon diffusion during the low-carbon martensite formation. Furthermore, the carbon content decreases with the increase in the deformation amount, because the deformation of austenite suppresses the carbon diffusion.


hot stamping martensitic transformation microstructures microhardness plastic deformation 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51305317 and 51675392); China Automobile Industry Innovation and Development Joint Fund (Grant No. U1564202); and the Special Foundation of Technological Innovation of Hubei Province (Grant No. 2016AAA053).


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© ASM International 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive ComponentsWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanChina
  3. 3.Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Automotive Components TechnologyWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanChina

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