Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 285–291 | Cite as

Novel Preparation of Calcium Borate/Graphene Oxide Nanocomposites and Their Tribological Properties in Oil



The calcium borate/graphene oxide (CB/GO) nanocomposites have been successfully prepared by a liquid phase-based ultrasonic-assisted stripping method, which were subsequently explored as lubricant additive. The structure and morphology of the as-prepared nanocomposites were characterized by FT-IR, XRD, Raman, TEM, EDS and TGA, revealing that CB nanoparticles were uniformly loaded on GO surfaces. The nanocomposites were highly dispersed into the base oil by sand milling. The tribological properties of CB/GO nanocomposites as lubricating oil additive were investigated using a four-ball machine, and the wear scar surfaces were observed by the 3D Laser Scanning Microscope. The results indicated that CB/GO nanocomposites were of excellent antifriction, antiwear ability and load-carrying capacity.


calcium borate graphene oxide nanocomposites tribological properties 



This work was supported by the Yangzhou University Talent Introduction Fund (2012), Yangzhou Key Research Project-Industry Foresight and General Key Technology (YZ2015020), Innovative Talent Program of Green Yang Golden Phoenix (yzlyjfjh2015CX073), Yangzhou Social Development Project (YZ2016072), Jiangsu Six Talent Peak Project (2014-XCL-013), Jiangsu Science and Technology Support Project (BE2014613) and Jiangsu Industrial-Academic-Research Prospective Joint Project (BY2016069-02). The data of this paper originated from the Test Center of Yangzhou University.


  1. 1.
    D. Berman, A. Erdemir, and A.V. Sumant, Reduced Wear and Friction Enabled by Graphene Layers on Sliding Steel Surfaces in Dry Nitrogen, Carbon, 2013, 59, p 167–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D.R. Dreyer, S. Park, C.W. Bielawski, and R.S. Ruoff, The Chemistry of Graphene Oxide, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2010, 39, p 228–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. Berman, A. Erdemir, and A.V. Sumant, Few Layer Graphene to Reduce Wear and Friction on Sliding Steel Surfaces, Carbon, 2013, 54, p 454–459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    H.Y. Liang, Y.F. Bu, J.Y. Zhang, Z.Y. Cao, and A.M. Liang, Graphene Oxide Film as Solid Lubricant, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2013, 5, p 6369–6375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. Kinoshita, Y. Nishina, A.A. Alias, and M. Fujii, Tribological Properties of Monolayer Graphene Oxide Sheets as Water-Based Lubricant Additives, Carbon, 2014, 66, p 720–723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G.Y. Bai, J.Q. Wang, Z.G. Yang, H.G. Wang, Z.F. Wang, and S.R. Yang, Self-Assembly of Ceria/Graphene Oxide Composite Films with Ultra-Long Antiwear Lifetime Under a High Applied Load, Carbon, 2015, 84, p 197–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Z.X. Tai, Y.F. Chen, Y.F. An, X.B. Yan, and Q.J. Xue, Tribological Behavior of UHMWPE Reinforced with Graphene Oxide Nanosheets, Tribol. Lett., 2012, 46, p 55–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. Liu, Y.M. Tian, L.X. Yu, Q.J. Li, F.Y. Meng, Y.H. Zheng, G.Y. Zhang, Z.H. Liu, J. Li, and F.M. Jiang, Synthesis and Surface Modification of Uniform Barium Borate Nanorods for Lubrication, J. Alloys Compd., 2008, 466, p 11–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. Chen, J.C. Deng, L.S. Wang, F. Yang, and G. Feng, Synthesis of a New Netlike Nano Zinc Borate, Mater. Lett., 2008, 62, p 2057–2059CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Y.L. Qiao, W.M. Liu, B.S. Xu, S.N. Ma, and Q.J. Xue, The Tribochemical Performance of Nano/Micrometer Borate Modified by an N-Containing Compound as an Oil Additive, Lubr. Sci., 2003, 15, p 369–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J.S. Li, L.F. Hao, X.H. Xu, and T.H. Ren, Tribological Synergism of Surface-Modified Calcium Borate Nanoparticles and Sulfurized Olefin, Ind. Lubr. Tribol., 2012, 64, p 217–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Z.F. Jia and Y.Q. Xia, Hydrothermal Synthesis, Characterization, and Tribological Behavior of Oleic Acid-Capped Lanthanum Borate with Different Morphologies, Tribol. Lett., 2011, 41, p 425–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Z.F. Jia, X.J. Pang, H.Y. Li, J.J. Ni, and X. Shao, Synthesis and Wear Behavior of Oleic Acid Capped Calcium Borate/Graphene Oxide Composites, Tribol. Int., 2015, 90, p 240–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. Hao, F. Feng, X.H. Wang, Z. Min, Y.T. Zhao, G.W. Ge, and K. Wang, The Preparation of Fe2O3 Nanoparticles by Liquid Phase-Based Ultrasonic-Assisted Method and Its Application as Enzyme-Free Sensor for the Detection of H2O2, Rsc Adv., 2015, 5, p 21161–21169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    D.C. Marcano, D.V. Kosynkin, J.M. Berlin, A. Sinitskii, Z.Z. Sun, A. Slesarev, B.L. Alemany, W. Lu, and J.M. Tour, Improved Synthesis of Graphene Oxide, ACS Nano, 2010, 4, p 4806–4814CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. Nethravathi and M. Rajamathi, Chemically Modified Graphene Sheets Produced by the Solvothermal Reduction of Colloidal Dispersions of Graphite Oxide, Carbon, 2008, 46, p 1994–1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    T. Szabo, O. Berkesi, P. Forgo, K. Josepovites, Y. Sanakis, and D. Petridis, Evolution of Surface Functional Groups in a Series of Progressively Oxidized Graphite Oxides, Chem. Mater., 2006, 18, p 2740–2749CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    T. Chen, J.C. Deng, L.S. Wang, and G. Feng, Preparation and Characterization of Nano-zinc Borate by a New Method, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2009, 209, p 4076–4079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Z.H. Liu and L. Xue, Preparation of Nanoplates Assembled 4CaO·5B2O3·7H2O Oval-Like Microspheres Via a Hydrothermal Method, Mater. Lett., 2008, 62, p 2692–2695CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. Peng, Z. Xu, Z. Liu, Y.Y. Wei, H.Y. Sun, Z. Li, X.L. Zhao, and C. Gao, An Iron-Based Green Approach to 1-h Production of Single-Layer Graphene Oxide, Nat. Commun., 2015, 6, p 5716. doi: 10.1038/ncomms6716 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    H.P. Mungse and O.P. Khatri, Chemically Functionalized Reduced Graphene Oxide as a Novel Material for Reduction of Friction and Wear, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2014, 118, p 14394–14402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. Sun, H.M. Liu, X. Chen, D.G. Evans, W.S. Yang, and X. Duan, Synthesis of Graphene Nanosheets with Good Control over the Number of Layers Within the Two-Dimensional Galleries of Layered Double Hydroxides, Chem. Commun., 2012, 48, p 8126–8128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. Pei and H.M. Cheng, The Reduction of Graphene Oxide, Carbon, 2012, 50, p 3210–3228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    J.S. Lin, L.W. Wang, and G.H. Chen, Modification of Graphene Platelets and Their Tribological Properties as a Lubricant Additive, Tribol. Lett., 2011, 41, p 209–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    L. Zhang, Y. He, S.W. Feng, L. Zhang, Z.L. Jiao, Y.Q. Zhan, and Y.J. Wang, Preparation and Tribological Properties of Novel Boehmite/Graphene Oxide Nano-Hybrid, Ceram. Int., 2016, 42, p 6178–6186CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringYangzhou UniversityYangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations