Recycled MnO2 Nanoflowers and Graphene Nanosheets for Low-Cost and High Performance Asymmetric Supercapacitor

Abstract

Electrochemical materials, namely MnO2 and reduced graphene oxide (rGO), have been prepared in diverse morphologies (nanoflowers and nanosheets, respectively). Different physical and chemical characterizations were conducted to investigate the material structure and morphology. Electrochemical properties of these materials have been studied comprehensively using cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge–discharge, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy to evaluate their suitability for supercapacitive energy storage. MnO2 nanoflowers were obtained by recycling spent batteries. The single electrodes of MnO2 nanoflowers and rGO nanosheets exhibit a high specific capacitance of 208.5 F g−1 and 145 F g−1, respectively. Therefore, an asymmetrical supercapacitor was fabricated from both materials and electrochemically evaluated. It shows a superb supercapacitive performance of up to 2.0 V in Na2SO4. The asymmetrical supercapacitor produces a high specific capacitance (177.6 F g−1), energy density (24.7 Wh kg−1) and stability (95.2% over 4000 cycles). The findings recommend using MnO2 nanoflowers and rGO nanosheets as an asymmetric supercapacitor.

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Acknowledgment

Dr. Gomaa A.M. Ali would like to express his gratitude to Associate Prof. Kwok Feng Chong (Faculty of Industrial Sciences & Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang) for his help and for providing the tools during conducting the experiments.

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Ali, G.A.M. Recycled MnO2 Nanoflowers and Graphene Nanosheets for Low-Cost and High Performance Asymmetric Supercapacitor. Journal of Elec Materi (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-020-08268-7

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Keywords

  • Asymmetric supercapacitor
  • energy storage
  • graphene nanosheets
  • MnO2 nanoflowers