Yttrium aluminium garnet substituted by samarium Y3−xSmxAl5O12, (YSmAG, x = 0.1, 0.15, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0) was prepared by an aqueous sol–gel processing using etane-1,2-diol as complexing agent. The end products obtained at 1000°C in air were characterized by x-ray diffraction analysis, infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy. It was demonstrated, however, that the total substitution of yttrium by samarium does not proceed in the YSmAG. The single cubic garnet phase was formed only at a low concentration of samarium (x = 0.1, 0.15, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0). With further substitutional levels, if the amount of samarium was x = 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 3, respectively, the formation a of minor amount of side perovskite samarium aluminate SmAlO3 (SmAP) phase was observed. Surprisingly, when yttrium was totally replaced by the samarium (x = 3.0) the main synthesis product was SmAP. The possible formation of Sm3Al5O12 (SmAG) garnet was also investigated for the first time by variation of the temperature in the range of 780–835°C.
Aqueous systems garnets inorganic materials materials characterisation phase changes sol–gel
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