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Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 47, Issue 7, pp 3912–3926 | Cite as

Investigation of Zinc Oxide-Loaded Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Nanocomposite Films in Tailoring Their Structural, Optical and Mechanical Properties

  • Muhammad Aslam
  • Mazhar Ali Kalyar
  • Zulfiqar Ali Raza
Article

Abstract

Wurtzite ZnO nanoparticles, as a nanofiller, were incorporated in a poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) matrix to prepare multipurpose nanocomposite films using a solution casting approach. Some advanced analytical techniques were used to investigate the properties of prepared nanocomposite films. The mediation of ZnO nanofillers resulted in modification of structural, optical and mechanical properties of nanocomposite films. A comprehensive band structure investigation might be useful for designing technological applications like in optoelectronic devices. The experimental results were found to be closely dependent on the nanofiller contents. Some theoretical models like Tauc’s and Wemple–DiDomenico, were employed to investigate the band structure parameters. The imaginary part of the dielectric constant was used to investigate the band gap. Then, the Helpin-Tsai model was employed to predict Young’s moduli of the prepared nanocomposite films. On 3 wt.% ZnO nanofiller loading, the optical band gap of the PVA-based nanocomposite film was decreased from 5.26 eV to 3 eV, the tensile strength increased from 25.3 MPa to 48 MPa and Young’s modulus increased from 144 MPa to 544 MPa.

Keywords

Band structure mechanical properties nanocomposites poly(vinyl alcohol) 

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of SargodhaSargodhaPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Applied SciencesNational Textile UniversityFaisalabadPakistan

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