Formation Mechanisms and Microstructure Characterization of Al/Al3Ni In-situ Composite by Compound Casting


The Compound casting method was used to produce an Al/Ni bimetal composite. The mechanisms of formation of the reinforcing intermetallic phases were studied and the produced bimetal composite’s microstructure was then characterized. The results showed that the Al/Ni interface consisted of two intermetallic layers including Al3Ni2 and Al3Ni. It is suggested that the Al3Ni reinforcing particles of the composite originated from two sources. (1) Some Al3Ni particles detached from the Al3Ni layer formed at the interface between the Ni core and the Al melt and dispersed in the liquid Al and (2) Al-Al3Ni eutectic phase, which formed during the solidification process. The increase in the temperature led to the formation of more reinforcing particles and extended the depth of dispersion of the particles in the Al matrix.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11


  1. 1.

    M. Konieczny: Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2013, vol. 586, pp. 11-18.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    V. C. Srivastava, T. Singh, S. Ghosh Chowdhury, V. Jindal: J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 2012, vol. 21, pp. 1912-1918.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    R. W. Richards, R. D. Jones, P. D. Clements, H. Clarke: Int. Mater. Rev., 1994, vol. 39, pp. 191-212.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Y. B. Choi, K. Matsugi, G. Sasaki: Mater. Trans., 2013, vol. 54, pp. 595-598.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Y. Choi, G. Sasaki, K. Matsugi, M. Lee, W. Park: in Proceedings of the 8th Pacific Rim International Congress on Advanced Materials and Processing, 2013, pp. 1447–52.

  6. 6.

    L. Ke, C. Huang, L. Xing, K. Huang: J. Alloys Compd., 2010, vol. 503, pp. 494-499.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    C. C. Koch: Mater. Sci. Eng., A, 1998, vol. 244, pp. 39-48.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    A. Mozaffari, M. Hosseini, H. D. Manesh: J. Alloys Compd., 2011, vol. 509, pp. 9938-9945.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    E. Hajjari, M. Divandari, S. H. Razavi, S. M. Emami, T. Homma, S. Kamado: J. Mater. Sci., 2011, vol. 46, pp. 6491-6499.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    W. Jiang, Z. Fan, C. Li: J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2015, vol. 226, pp. 25-31.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    C. Koerner, M. Schwankl, D. Himmler: J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2014, vol. 214, pp. 1094-1101.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    M. Yousefi, H. Doostmohammadi: J. Alloys Compd., 2018, vol. 766, pp. 721-728.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    M. Sistaninia, H. Doostmohammadi, M. Rezaei Estakhrouieh: Advances in Metallurgical Processes and Materials-Admet 2018, 2018.

  14. 14.

    R. Raiszadeh, W. D. Griffiths: Metall Mater Trans B, 2011, vol. 42, pp. 133-143.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    I. Barin: Thermochemical data of pure substances., 3rd ed., Weinheim, Cambridge, UK, 1995.

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    H. Baker, O. Hiroaki. ASM Handbook. Alloy Phase Diagrams. ASM International, Materials Park, Ohio 44073-0002, 1992, vol. 3.

  17. 17.

    V.I. Dybkov. Reaction Diffusion and Solid State Chemical Kinetics: Handbook. Trans Tech Publ., 2010, p. 312.

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to H. Doostmohammadi.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Manuscript submitted April 29, 2019.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sistaninia, M., Doostmohammadi, H. & Raiszadeh, R. Formation Mechanisms and Microstructure Characterization of Al/Al3Ni In-situ Composite by Compound Casting. Metall Mater Trans B 50, 3020–3026 (2019).

Download citation