The optimal conditions for preparing composites, in which tar-derived carbonaceous materials completely fill the pores in Indonesian limonite(IL), were investigated using the vapor deposition (VD) method of tar. Characterization of the composites and their reactivity (reduction/combustion/gasification) during heat treatment was examined. The specific surface area and pore volume of the as-received-IL and dehydrated-IL decreased after the VD treatment for different combinations of tar pyrolysis temperature (TPT) and VD temperature (VDT). It was also noted that the carbon content and crushing strength of the samples increased after the VD treatment, and the optimal values for the TPT-VDT are 700 °C and 350 °C. The C content and the crushing strengths of the composites prepared at TPT-VDT = 700 °C to 350 °C increased with an increase of the VD time to 50 pct carbon content and 10 daN at 240 minutes, respectively. The strength was similar to that of commercial metallurgical coke used in blast furnaces. The reduction of the composite prepared at TPT-VDT = 700 °C to 350 °C for 240 minutes started above 400 °C and was almost completed at 1000 °C. This reduction rate was higher than that of commercial cold-bonded pellets or a coke/IL mixture. The combustion and gasification rates of the composites prepared under different conditions depended on the preparation condition of composites, and the rates were higher than those of commercial metallurgical coke used in blast furnaces.
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The present study was supported in part by the JFE 21st Century Foundation. The authors acknowledge the supply of limonite from Kobe Steel Ltd. and Mitsubishi Chemical Corp. in Japan.
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Manuscript submitted June 2, 2019.
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Mochizuki, Y., Tsubouchi, N. Thermal Properties of Carbon-Containing Iron Ore Composite Prepared by Vapor Deposition of Tar for Limonite. Metall Mater Trans B 50, 2259–2272 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-019-01640-x