Reduction Mechanism of Iron Oxide Briquettes by Carbonaceous Materials Extracted from Blast Furnace Dust

Abstract

The reducibility of carbonaceous powder extracted from blast furnace dust was investigated. In this study, pickling treatment was used for BF bag dust and BF gravitational dust to extract the carbonaceous material. The structural characteristics of carbonaceous material were studied by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, and energy-dispersive spectrometer. The reduction of ferric oxide and carbon gasification experiments were researched by thermogravimetry. The results show that the pickled raw coal gives the highest reducibility, which is followed by BF bag dust and BF gravitational dust. The reason for this is that the higher disordered crystalline structure leads to stronger gasification reactivity, and further results in stronger reduction reactivity. Based on the randomized nucleation model, the kinetic analysis shows that the activation energies for the reduction reaction of BF gravitational dust, BF bag dust, and raw coal after pickling are 300.14, 180.43, and 124.62 kJ mol−1, respectively.

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Acknowledgments

This research was financially supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFB0304300 & 2017YFB0304302) and the National Science Foundation of China (51874025).

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Correspondence to Zhengjian Liu.

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Manuscript submitted November 8, 2018.

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Li, Y., Zhang, J., Liu, Z. et al. Reduction Mechanism of Iron Oxide Briquettes by Carbonaceous Materials Extracted from Blast Furnace Dust. Metall Mater Trans B 50, 2296–2303 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-019-01628-7

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