Effect of Si Addition on Martensitic Transformation and Microstructure of NiTiSi Shape Memory Alloys


The effect of Si addition on microstructure and martensitic transformation of the Ni-Ti-Si SMA was investigated in this work. The Ni49−0.5xTi51−0.5xSix alloys with various amounts of silicon (2.1 ≤ × ≤ 21.1 at. pct) were prepared by the self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS). Temperatures of the phase transformation increase with the increasing amount of silicon in the samples, which also causes the change of the Ti/Ni ratio in the matrix. The temperatures of austenite transformations are around the temperature of 373 K.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4


  1. 1.

    J. Frenzel, E.P. George, A. Dlouhy, C. Somsen, M.F.X. Wagner, and G. Eggeler: Acta Mater., 2010, vol. 58, pp. 3444–58.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    G. Karthik, B. Kashyap, and T.R. Prabhu: Mater. Today Proc., 2017, vol. 4, pp. 3581–89.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    M. Sharma, B.C. Maji, and M. Krishnan: Phys. Procedia, 2010, vol. 10, pp. 28–32.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    J. Ma, I. Karaman, and R.D. Noebe: Int. Mater. Rev., 2010, vol. 55, pp. 257–315.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    P.L. Potapov, A.V. Shelyakov, A.A. Gulyaev, E.L. Svistunov, N.M. Matveeva, and D. Hodgson: Mater. Lett., 1997, vol. 32, pp. 247–50.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    D. Canadinc, W. Trehern, J. Ma, I. Karaman, F. Sun, and Z. Chaudhry: Scr. Mater., 2019, vol. 158, pp. 83–87.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    J. MohdJani, M. Leary, A. Subic, M.A. Gibson: Mater. Des. 56:1078–1113 (2014)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    G. Tosun, N. Orhan, and L. Özler: Mater. Lett., 2012, vol. 66, pp. 138–40.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    P. Novák, L. Mejzlíková, A. Michalcová, J. Čapek, P. Beran, and D. Vojtěch: Intermetallics, 2013, vol. 42, pp. 85–91.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    M. Whitney, S.F. Corbin, and R.B. Gorbet: Acta Mater., 2008, vol. 56, pp. 559–70.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    P. Novák, T. Veselý, I. Marek, P. Dvořák, V. Vojtěch, P. Salvetr, M. Karlík, P. Haušild, J. Kopeček (2016) Metall. Mater. Trans. B Process Metall. Mater. Process. Sci. 47:932–98

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    M. Zarinejad, Y. Liu (2008) Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(18):2789-94

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Y. Tong, F. Chen, B. Tian, L. Li, Y. Zheng (2009) Mater. Lett. 63(63):1869-71

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    P. Salvetr, P. Novák, and H. Moravec: Manuf. Technol., 2015, vol. 15, pp. 689–94.

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    X. Hu, G. Chen, C. Ion, and K. Ni: J. Phase Equilibria, 1999, vol. 20, pp. 508–14.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    N. Lebrun: in Light Metal Systems. Part 4, 2006, pp. 1–11.

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    W. Cai, A. Liu, J. Sui, and L. Zhao: Mater. Trans., 2006, vol. 47, pp. 716–19.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    C. Zhao, W. Li, S. Zhao, Y. Jin, X. Meng, and Q. Hou: Vacuum, 2017, vol. 137, pp. 169–74.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    W. Li and C. Zhao: Crystals, 2018, vol. 8, p. 345.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    A.L. Liu, Z.Y. Gao, L. Gao, W. Cai, and Y. Wu: J. Alloys Compd., 2007, vol. 437, pp. 339–43.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    A.L. Liu, J.H. Sui, Y.C. Lei, W. Cai, Z.Y. Gao, and L.C. Zhao: J. Mater. Sci., 2007, vol. 42, pp. 5791–94.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    A.L. Liu, W. Cai, Z.Y. Gao, and L.C. Zhao: Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2006, vol. 438–440, pp. 634–38.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

The paper was supported from ERDF Pre-Application Research of Functionally Graduated Materials by Additive Technologies (No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/17_048/0007350) and specific university research Grant No A1 FCHT 2020 003.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Pavel Salvetr.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Manuscript submitted April 07, 2020.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Salvetr, P., Školáková, A., Novák, P. et al. Effect of Si Addition on Martensitic Transformation and Microstructure of NiTiSi Shape Memory Alloys. Metall Mater Trans A (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-020-05883-1

Download citation