Microstructural Investigation of the Impact Weld Interface of Pseudo Single Grained Cu and Ag

Abstract

The microstructure of the impact weld interface of pseudo single grained copper and silver is investigated. Electron backscattered diffraction shows severe plastic deformation at the weld interface and suggests that the cooling rate of the interface is fast enough to avoid conventional eutectic lamellar structure in localized melted zones. Scanning transmission electron microscopy, along with nano-diffraction and compositional analysis, demonstrates that impact welding can achieve metallurgical bonding in the solid-state without forming an amorphous structure.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. 1.

    T. Blazynski: Explosive Welding, Forming and Compaction, England, 1983.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    T. Lee, S. Zhang, A. Vivek, B. Kinsey, and G. Daehn: J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 2018, vol. 140, pp. 121002.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    A. Nassiri, A. Vivek, T. Abke, B. Liu, T. Lee, and G. Daehn: Appl. Phys. Lett., 2017, vol. 110, pp. 231601.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    I. Bataev, D. Lazurenko, S. Tanaka, K. Hokamoto, A. Bataev, Y. Guo, and A. Jorge: Acta Mater., 2017, vol. 135, pp. 277-289.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Z. Fan, H. Yu, and C. Li: Scr. Mater., 2016, vol. 110, pp. 14-18.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Z. Zhang, K. Wang, J. Li, Q. Yu, and W. Cai: Sci. Rep., 2017, vol. 7, pp. 12505.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    J. Li, Q. Yu, Z. Zhang, W. Xu, X. Sun, J. Li, Q. Yu, Z. Zhang, W. Xu, and X. Sun: Appl. Phys. Lett., 2016, vol. 108, pp. 201606.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    M. Nishida, A. Chiba, Y. Honda, J. Hirazum, and K. Horikiri: ISIJ Int., 1995, vol. 35, pp. 217-219.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    B. Liu, A. Vivek, M. Presley, and G. Daehn: Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 2018, vol. 49, pp. 899-907.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    M. Presley: Ph.D. Dissertation, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2016.

  11. 11.

    V. Gupta, T. Lee, A. Vivek, K. Choi, Y. Mao, X. Sun, and G. Daehn: J. Mater. Process. Tech., 2019, vol. 264, pp. 107-118.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    A. Nassiri, S. Zhang, T. Lee, T. Abke, A. Vivek, B. Kinsey, and G. Daehn: J. Manuf. Process., 2017, vol. 28, pp. 558-564.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    A. Vivek, S. Hansen, B. Liu, and G. Daehn: J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2013, vol. 213, pp. 2304-2311.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    J. Johnson, G. Taber, A. Vivek, Y. Zhang, S. Golowin, K. Banik, G. Fenton, and G. Daehn: Steel Res. Int., 2009, vol. 80, pp. 359-365.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    M. Miyagi, Y. Kawahito, H. Wang, H. Kawakami, T. Shoubu, and M. Tsukamoto: Opt. Express, 2018, vol. 26, pp. 55-63.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    P. Boswell and G. Chadwick: J. Mater. Sci., 1977, vol. 12, pp. 1879-1894.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    A. Vivek, B. Liu, S. Hansen, and G. Daehn: J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2014, vol. 214, pp. 1583-1589.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the National Science Foundation (Grant Numbers CMMI-1538736 and CMMI-1531785).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Taeseon Lee.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Manuscript submitted June 11, 2019.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Lee, T., Zhu, M., Dittrich, T. et al. Microstructural Investigation of the Impact Weld Interface of Pseudo Single Grained Cu and Ag. Metall Mater Trans A 51, 558–561 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-019-05557-7

Download citation