Recognition of Association Between Blood Stasis Syndrome and Traumatic Injury among Doctors of Korean Medicine: A Cross-Sectional Observation Study
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To investigate the diagnostic indicators and herbal treatments for blood stasis syndrome (BSS) patients with traumatic injuries and to identify the association between BSS and traumatic injury in Korea.
Two-hundred and four patients with traumatic injury were recruited from the Gangnam and Daejeon branches of Jaseng Hospital of Oriental Medicine between June 2014 and December 2014. Two independent doctors of Korean medicine (DKMs) determined the diagnosis of BSS or non-BSS based on the subjects signs and symptoms. The scores assigned to BSS symptoms and DKMs' reasons for diagnosing BSS in patients with traumatic injury were investigated. Both medication and herbal prescription records from a 3-month period were collected for all patients diagnosed with BSS by both DKMs.
A total of 169 of 204 (82.8%) patients received consistent diagnosis related to BSS by two DKMs. Among them, 54.4% (92 cases) were diagnosed with BSS, and 45.6% (77 cases) were not diagnosed with BSS. DKMs most frequently cited symptoms of recent traumatic injury as justifications for BSS diagnoses, and also selected pain-related indicators such as abdominal pain, sharp pain and nocturnal pain as important reasons in diagnosing BSS. In addition, an inconsistency in the pattern identification theory with respect to traumatic injury was observed. Although only 92 cases (54.4%) of patients were diagnosed with BSS, 77.6% of them were prescribed decoctions for BSS.
DKMs considered traumatic injury could cause BSS, and utilized decoction for BSS in patients with traumatic injury without confirming a diagnosis of BSS because they assumed the main symptoms or pathologies of traumatic injury to be closely related to BSS.
Keywordsblood stasis syndrome Korean medicine traumatic injury herbal medicine diagnosis pattern identification
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We give our thanks to the Gangnam and Daejeon branches of Jaseng Oriental Medicinal Hospital for this study.
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