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LO SCALPELLO-OTODI Educational

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 280–287 | Cite as

Le fratture di polso e la lesione di Galeazzi

  • Giovanni VicentiEmail author
  • Antonella Abate
  • Massimiliano Carrozzo
  • Antonio Colella
  • Biagio Moretti
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Distal radius and Galeazzi fractures

Abstract

Fractures of the distal radius are the most common fractures in children and adolescents, accounting for 40% of all fractures. Distal radius fractures occur most frequently during early adolescence. The mechanism of injury is usually a fall on a hyperextended wrist. Fractures of the distal radius usually involve the metaphysis. Although physeal (growth plate) injuries are relatively rare, they must be considered carefully because they can result in premature growth arrest. Shortening of the radius can lead to ulnar impaction and triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) tears. The two most common types of distal radial metaphyseal fractures are torus fractures and greenstick fractures. A complete fracture passes through both cortices of the distal metaphysis (distal third) of the radius and/or ulna, often with displacement. A Galeazzi fracture is a fracture of the distal third of the radius along with dislocation of the distal radioulnar joint or ulnar physeal separation (Galeazzi-equivalent fracture). This article reviews current concepts regarding distal forearm fractures in children and adolescents, with particular attention to classification, recommended treatment options and long term complications.

Notes

Conflitto di interesse

Gli autori Giovanni Vicenti, Antonella Abate, Massimiliano Carrozzo, Antonio Colella e Biagio Moretti dichiarano di non aver alcun conflitto di interesse.

Consenso informato e conformità agli standard etici

Tutte le procedure descritte nello studio e che hanno coinvolto esseri umani sono state attuate in conformità alle norme etiche stabilite dalla dichiarazione di Helsinki del 1975 e successive modifiche. Il consenso informato è stato ottenuto da tutti i pazienti inclusi nello studio.

Human and Animal Rights

L’articolo non contiene alcuno studio eseguito su esseri umani e su animali da parte degli autori.

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Copyright information

© Società Italiana Ortopedici Traumatologi Ospedalieri d’Italia 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanni Vicenti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Antonella Abate
    • 2
  • Massimiliano Carrozzo
    • 1
  • Antonio Colella
    • 1
  • Biagio Moretti
    • 1
  1. 1.Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Policlinico di BariBariItalia
  2. 2.UO Ortopedia e TraumatologiaOspedale “Di Venere” BariBariItalia

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