, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 86–91 | Cite as

Nuovi principi di anatomia e biomeccanica della femoro-rotulea

  • Stefano Zaffagnini
  • Alberto Grassi
  • Marco Rotini
  • Federico Raggi
  • Tommaso Roberti di Sarsina

Patellofemoral anatomy and biomechanics: current concepts


The medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) has been demonstrated to contribute to 60 % of the force that opposes lateral displacement of the patella. Recent years have seen a growing interest in the study of this important anatomical structure, which acts as a restraint during motion, playing an active role under conditions of laterally applied stress, but an only marginal role during natural knee flexion. However, it remains extremely difficult to clearly define the anatomy of the MPFL and its relationships with other anatomical structures.


Conflitto di interesse

Gli autori Stefano Zaffagnini, Alberto Grassi, Marco Rotini, Federico Raggi e Tommaso Roberti di Sarsina dichiarano di non avere alcun conflitto di interesse.

Consenso informato e conformità agli standard etici

Tutte le procedure descritte nello studio e che hanno coinvolto esseri umani sono state attuate in conformità alle norme etiche stabilite dalla dichiarazione di Helsinki del 1975 e successive modifiche. Il consenso informato è stato ottenuto da tutti i pazienti inclusi nello studio.

Human and Animal Rights

L’articolo non contiene alcuno studio eseguito su esseri umani e su animali da parte degli autori.


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Copyright information

© Società Italiana Ortopedici Traumatologi Ospedalieri d’Italia 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefano Zaffagnini
    • 1
  • Alberto Grassi
    • 1
  • Marco Rotini
    • 1
  • Federico Raggi
    • 1
  • Tommaso Roberti di Sarsina
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinica Ortopedica e Traumatologica II, Laboratorio di Biomeccanica ed Innovazione TecnologicaIstituto Ortopedico RizzoliBolognaItalia

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