The use of in-situ cosmogenic 21Ne in studies on long-term landscape development
- 96 Downloads
Cosmogenic Ne isotopes are stable and are routinely used for constraining the timing of events and the rate of surface change beyond the limit that can be studied with radionuclides 10Be, 26Al, and 36Cl. Cosmogenic Ne analysis can be used in quartz and in a range of other minerals. Analysis typically requires significantly less material than do cosmogenic 10Be and 26Al, opening up the technique for small samples—individual pebbles in river sediments, for example. Analysis is easier and faster than for radionuclides, not least because Ne measurements do not require significant chemical procedures. However, the presence of other sources of Ne in minerals tends to restrict the use of cosmogenic 21Ne to old landscapes and long exposure durations. In this review we briefly outline the background of cosmogenic Ne production in rocks and minerals at the Earth’s surface, then document the key uses of the technique by highlighting some earlier studies, and finish with a short perspective on the future of the technique.
KeywordsCosmogenic nuclides 21Ne Long timescale Landscape evolution
This work was supported by the basic scientific research fund, Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration (Grant Nos. IGCEA1504 and IGCEA1417), and the authors express their thanks for China Scholarship Council (CSC) who have sponsored the first author’s visit in Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.
- Granger D, Riebe C (2007) Cosmogenic nuclides in weathering and erosion. Treatise Geochem 5:1–43Google Scholar
- Ivy-Ochs S et al (2006) The timing of glacier advances in the northern European Alps based on surface exposure dating with cosmogenic 10Be, 26Al, 36Cl, and 21Ne. Geol Soc Am Spec Pap 415:43–60Google Scholar
- Lal D, Peters B (1967) Cosmic ray produced radioactivity on the earth. In: Sitte K (ed) Cosmic rays. Springer, Berlin, pp 551–612Google Scholar
- Stone J, Vasconcelos P (2000) Studies of geomorphic rates and processes with cosmogenic isotopes—examples from Australia. J Conf Abs 5:961Google Scholar
- Van der Wateren FM, Dunai TJ, Van Balen RT, Klas W, Verbers AL, Passchier S, Herpers U (1999) Contrasting Neogene denudation histories of different structural regions in the Transantarctic Mountains rift flank constrained by cosmogenic isotope measurements. Glob Planet Change 23:145–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar