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Table 1 Climate parameters baseline and projected values for the representative concentration pathway (RCP) 4.5 scenario by mid-21st century (IPCC 2014), derived from 1-km resolution temperature and rainfall spatial grids (AFRICLIM 3.0, Platts et al. 2015)

From: Views from two mountains: exploring climate change impacts on traditional farming communities of Eastern Africa highlands through participatory scenarios

  Taita Hills Jimma
Baseline RCP 4.5 to baseline change Baseline RCP 4.5 to baseline change
Mean annual temperature (mean of monthly means, °C) 22.0 (16.7–24.9) 1.8 (1.8–1.9 18.7 (17.1–20.8)  
Mean annual rainfall (sum of monthly rainfall, mm) 1022 (644–1442) 71.9 (44–94) 1782 (1642–1839) − 31 (− 57 to − 11)
Rainfall seasonality (standard deviation over monthly values, mm) 60 (40–91) 8 (5–10) 106 (98–114) 3 (+ 1 to 5)
Number of dry months (dry/arid if monthly moisture index < 0.5) 7 (4–8) − 0.1 (−1 to 1) 4 (4–5) 0.4 (0 to  + 1)
  1. The mean and range (in parenthesis) of the variables spatial mean across each study area are reported