Industry Payments Are Prevalent and Contagious in Subspecialty Medical Education

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    Hartung DM, Johnston K, Cohen DM, Nguyen T, Deodhar A, Bourdette DN. Industry Payments to Physician Specialists Who Prescribe Repository Corticotropin. JAMA Netw Open 2018;1(2):e180482.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Mitchell AP, Winn AN, Lund JL, Dusetzina SB. Evaluating the Strength of the Association Between Industry Payments and Prescribing Practices in Oncology. Oncologist. 2019;24(5):632-639.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    DeJong C, Aguilar T, Tseng CW, Lin GA, Boscardin WJ, Dudley RA. Pharmaceutical Industry-Sponsored Meals and Physician Prescribing Patterns for Medicare Beneficiaries. JAMA Intern Med 2016;176(8):1114-1122.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. Principles to Guide the Relationship between Graduate Medical Education, Industry, and Other Funding Sources for Programs and Sponsoring Institutions Accredited by the ACGME. 2011.

  5. 5.

    Lo B, Field MJ, Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Conflict of Interest in Medical Research Education and Practice., National Academies Press (U.S.). Conflict of interest in medical research, education, and practice. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2009.

  6. 6.

    Services CfMM. Open Payments. 2020; Accessed 8/1/2019.

  7. 7.

    McCormick BB, Tomlinson G, Brill-Edwards P, Detsky AS. Effect of restricting contact between pharmaceutical company representatives and internal medicine residents on posttraining attitudes and behavior. JAMA. 2001;286(16):1994-1999.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Zipkin DA, Steinman MA. Interactions between pharmaceutical representatives and doctors in training. A thematic review. J Gen Intern Med 2005;20(8):777-786.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Fickweiler F, Fickweiler W, Urbach E. Interactions between physicians and the pharmaceutical industry generally and sales representatives specifically and their association with physicians’ attitudes and prescribing habits: a systematic review. BMJ Open 2017;7(9):e016408.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to David Hsiehchen MD.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they do not have a conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Haque, W., Espinoza, M. & Hsiehchen, D. Industry Payments Are Prevalent and Contagious in Subspecialty Medical Education. J GEN INTERN MED (2021).

Download citation