Rising Emergency Admission and Readmission Rates—a Retrospective Study of Demographic and Socio-economic Factors
Emergency hospital admissions have been rising over time1; the precise reasons have been debated. A lowered threshold to admit, or changing demographic population structures have been proposed as explanations.2 Our institution established an acute medical admission unit in 2002 and its performance in relation to clinical outcomes has been well described.3 We have developed a risk score that is related exponentially to 30-day in-hospital mortality; this estimates acute illness severity and case complexity using both laboratory (multiple-variable fractional polynomial method4) and blood culture data supplemented by case complexity estimates calculated from discharge codes (ICD9/ICD10)—Charlson Comorbidity Index and the Chronic Disabling Score. From such determinants, we can assess temporal change in case acuity or complexity, and relate these to admission thresholds.5Our study’s purpose was to examine16 years of acute medical admissions (2002–2017) at St. James’ Hospital,...
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Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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