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Table 3 Baseline Characteristics of Depressed Clients (N = 1018) in Outcomes Analysis, by Intervention Group Status

From: Community-Partnered Cluster-Randomized Comparative Effectiveness Trial of Community Engagement and Planning or Resources for Services to Address Depression Disparities

  Overall (N = 1018) RS (N = 504) CEP (N = 514)
Service sector, no. (%)
  Primary care or public health 290 (29.9) 134 (27.9) 156 (31.8)
  Mental health services 195 (17.8) 110 (20.9) 85 (14.9)
  Substance abuse 230 (21.8) 111 (21.1) 119 (22.4)
  Homeless services 162 (16.4) 92 (18.7) 70 (14.2)
  Community-based 141 (14.1) 57 (11.4) 84 (16.7)
Age, years 45.8 ± 12.9 44.9 ± 12.4 46.6 ± 13.2
Female, no. (%) 595 (57.0) 286 (54.8) 309 (59.1)
Ethnicity, no. (%)
  Latino 409 (41.0) 194 (38.8) 215 (43.1)
  African American 488 (46.0) 239 (46.9) 249 (45.0)
  Non-Hispanic white 86 (9.2) 45 (9.7) 41 (8.8)
  Other 35 (3.8) 26 (4.6) 9 (3.1)
Married or living with partner, no. (%) 231 (22.6) 116 (22.6) 115 (22.6)
Less than high school education, no. (%) 446 (43.6) 221 (43.7) 224 (43.5)
≥ 3 chronic medical conditions of 18, no. (%) 548 (54.7) 270 (54.4) 278 (55.1)
Family income from work, past 12 months ≤ $10,000, no. (%) 755 (73.6) 374 (75.2) 381 (72.1)
Family income under federal poverty level, no. (%) 750 (73.7) 373 (74.5) 377 (73.0)
No health insurance, no. (%) 545 (54.1) 286 (57.3) 259 (51.1)
Working for pay, no. (%) 205 (20.0) 105 (20.6) 100 (19.4)
Homeless or ≥ 2 risk factors for homelessness, no. (%)* 536 (52.7) 283 (56.2) 253 (49.2)
12-month depressive disorder, no. (%) 629 (61.9) 311 (62.4) 318 (61.4)
Alcohol abuse or use of illicit drugs 12 months, no. (%) 398 (39.3) 180 (36.3) 218 (42.2)
Poor mental health quality of life, no. (%) 546 (53.2) 271 (53.8) 275 (52.7)
Good physical functioning and activity, no. (%) 114 (11.0) 60 (11.8) 54 (10.3)
Mental wellness, no. (%)§ 407 (39.7) 200 (39.2) 207 (40.1)
  1. Plus–minus values are means ± SD; data were multiply imputed and weighted for eligible sample for enrollment; Chi-square test was used for a comparison between the two groups accounting for the design effect of the cluster randomization; P > 0.05 for all comparisons
  2. RS Resources for Services or individual program technical assistance, CEP Community Engagement and Planning
  3. *Homeless or living in a shelter, or at least two risk factors of four (at least two nights homeless, food insecurity, eviction, financial crisis)
  4. Mental Health Composition Score of SF-12 (MCS12) ≤ 40; one standard deviation below population mean
  5. At least fairly physically active and not being limited by health in moderate activities and climbing stairs
  6. §At least good bit of time on any of three items: feeling peaceful or calm, being a happy person, having energy