Desert seismic random noise reduction based on LDA effective signal detection

Abstract

At present, the seismic exploration of mineral resources such as unknown oil fields and natural gas fields has become the focus and difficulty. The Tarim Oilfield located in the desert area of northwest China has many uncertainties due to complicated geological structure and resource burial conditions. And the seismic record collected carries various noises, especially random noise with complex features, including non-stationary, non-Gaussian, nonlinear and low frequency. The seismic events are contaminated by random noise. Also the effective signal of desert seismic record is in the same frequency band as the random noise. These situations have brought great difficulties in denoising by conventional methods. In this paper, a noise reduction framework based on linear discriminant analysis effective signal detection in desert seismic record is proposed to solve this problem. At first, the method utilizes the difference between the effective signals and the noise in the low-dimensional space. The seismic data are divided into the effective signal cluster and the noise cluster. Then, the effective signal is extracted to realize the position of the seismic events. Finally, the conventional filter is matched to obtain better denoising results. The framework is applied to synthetic desert seismic records and real desert seismic records. The experimental results show that denoising capability after detecting effective signals is obviously better than those of conventional denoising methods. The accuracy of the seismic effective signal detection is higher, and the seismic events’ continuity is maintained better.

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Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 41730422 and 41774117).

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Correspondence to Yue Li.

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Ma, H., Yan, J., Li, Y. et al. Desert seismic random noise reduction based on LDA effective signal detection. Acta Geophys. 67, 109–121 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11600-019-00250-0

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Keywords

  • Linear discriminant analysis
  • The seismic effective signal detection
  • Random noise reduction
  • Desert seismic record