Brine-freeze-thaw Durability and Crack Density Model of Concrete in Salt Lake Region

Abstract

The brine-freeze-thaw durability (defined as the durability under freeze-thaw cycles in Qinghai salt lake brine) of concrete (ordinary Portland cement concrete (OPC), high performance concrete (HPC-a), high performance concrete with steel fiber (HPC-b), and high performance concrete with high Young’s modulus polyethylene fiber (HPC-c)) was systematically investigated by the relative dynamic elastic modulus, the relative mass, the appearance, the scanning electron microscopy, and the X-ray diffraction. In addition, the low-temperature physical and chemical corrosion mechanism and a crack density model after the modified relative dynamic elastic modulus being taken into consideration were proposed. The results show that the deterioration of OPC is the severest, followed by HPC-a, HPC-c and HPC-b. The admixture or the fiber is mixed into concrete, which can improve the brine-freeze-thaw durability of concrete. The critical mass growth of the failure of concrete is 3.7%. The cause of the deterioration of concrete under the brine-freeze-thaw cycles is physical and chemical corrosion, not freezing and thawing. The crack density model can effectively describe the deterioration evolution of concrete.

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Correspondence to Hongfa Yu 余红发.

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Funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11832013 and 51508272), and the National Program on Key Basic Research Project of China (973 Program) (No. 2015CB655102)

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Gong, W., Yu, H., Ma, H. et al. Brine-freeze-thaw Durability and Crack Density Model of Concrete in Salt Lake Region. J. Wuhan Univ. Technol.-Mat. Sci. Edit. 35, 561–570 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11595-020-2293-6

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Key words

  • brine-freeze-thaw durability
  • relative dynamic elastic modulus
  • relative mass
  • microanalysis
  • modeling