A three-dimensional Co5-cluster-based MOF as a high-performance electrode material for supercapacitor

Abstract

Searching for new metal–organic frameworks with excellent electrochemical performances is considerably important to advance their application in supercapacitors. Herein, a Co5-cluster-based three-dimensional (3D) metal–organic framework (Co5(OH)2(O2CCH3)8·2H2O, Co5-MOF) was synthesized and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and nitrogen adsorption–desorption. The Co5-MOF as an electrode material of supercapacitors was investigated for the first time. In a three-electrode system, the highest specific capacitance for the Co5-MOF electrode is 867 F g−1 at 1 A g−1, and the specific capacitance still remains 90.3% of the original specific capacitance after 3000 cycles, displaying its good long-term cycle stability. The asymmetric supercapacitor based on the Co5-MOF as the positive electrode and the rGO as the negative electrode presented a high energy density of 18 W h kg−1 at a power density of 0.7 kW kg−1. The high supercapacitive properties may be attributed to the nano-sized Co5-MOF particles with larger specific surface area and pore structure.

Co5-cluster-based MOF was synthesized by the solvothermal reaction, which displays excellent cyclic stability, better rate capability, and higher specific capacity as an electrode material for supercapacitors.

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Funding

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21975034), the Natural Science Research Key Project of Jiangsu Colleges and Universities (No. 16KJA430005), and the Research Project of Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Fine Petrochemical Engineering.

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Correspondence to Hongren Rong or Qi Liu.

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Gao, G., Wang, X., Ma, Y. et al. A three-dimensional Co5-cluster-based MOF as a high-performance electrode material for supercapacitor. Ionics (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-020-03649-8

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Keywords

  • Cobalt compound
  • MOFs
  • Electrode materials
  • Supercapacitors